The paper "Privacy in the Workplace" is a great example of an assignment on management. The most important part of any research is the understanding and interpretation of data and information relevant to the research. This is because excellent research is devoid of the biases and personal opinions of the researchers. Even so, the data gathered in researches are not always as objective as they should be, like qualitative data for example. Qualitative research is one of the two approaches to scientific research, the other one is quantitative research.
Any discussion on qualitative research starts with the discussion of the nature, function, and purpose of scientific research. Scientific Research In the simplest sense, scientific research is an investigation that aims to provide answers to questions through the systematic use of predefined, usually reliable, and internally valid procedures in answering the questions (Babbie, 2004). In order to answer the questions, scientific researches collect evidence and subject this evidences to a series of tests to yield impartial results. Scientific research is performed for three major reasons. First, research is performed to understand (pure research); second, research is performed to solve problems (applied research); lastly, research is performed to provide solutions (usually performed by practitioners).
Pure research is designed to provide understanding and explanation of select phenomena through the use of data and information (Charters, 1925). Because pure research seeks to understand the principles involved in phenomena, it places a strong emphasis on the fundamental process of the research. Pure research is motivated by the curiosity of any given phenomenon. It also gives a strong emphasis on how various elements of a given phenomenon relate to each other (Babbie & Benaquisto, 2002).
This makes pure research for research’ s sake. The results of pure researches often become the baseline of all other researches especially if such results are established as theories or laws.
Babbie, E. (2004). The Practice of Social Research.10th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadswoth
Babbie, E. & Benaquisto, L. (2002). Fundamentals of Social Research. Nelson Education Ltd. Canada.
Becker, C. (1992). Living and relating: An introduction to phenomenology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Caelli, K. (2001). Engaging with phenomenology: Is it more of a challenge than it needs to be?Quantitative Health Research, 11, 273-282.
Charters, W. (1925). Pure Research and Practical Research. Journal of Educational Research. 12(2). p.95
Child, J.1975 "Managerial and organizational factors associated with company performance--part II: A contingency analysis." Journal of Management Studies, 12: 12-27
Cicourel, A (1967) Method and Measurement in Sociology New York, Free Press.
Denzin, N. & Lincoln, Y. (eds.). (2000). Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications
Feagin, J., Orum, A., & Sjoberg, G. (Eds.). (1991). A case for case study. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Flyvbjerg, B. (2004). Five Misunderstanding About Case Study Research. From Seale, C. et al (eds). Qualitative Research Practice. London & Thousand Oaks, CA. 420-438.
Glaser, B. (1978).Theoretical Sensitivity. Mill Valley: Sociology Press
Glaser, B.G. & Strauss, A.L. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory, New York, Aldine
Higgs, J. (2001). Charting standpoints in qualitative research. In H. Byrne-Armstrong, J. Higgs, & D. Horsfall (Eds.), Critical moments in qualitative research (pp. 44–67). Oxford, UK, Butterworth-Heinemann.
Hoover, K., & Donovan, T. (2004).The Elements of Social Scientific Thinking.8th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadswoth
Hycner, R H. (1985). Some guidelines for the phenomenological analysis of interview data. Human Studies 8, 279-303
Johns, G. (2006). The essential impact of context on OB. Academy of Management Review, 31, 386-408.
Layder, D. (1993). New Strategies in Social Research. Cambridge: Polity Press
Maxwell, J. (2005). Qualitative Research Design: An Interactive Approach. 2nd Edition. Sage. Thousand Oaks, CA.
Miles, M.B. & Huberman, A.M. (1984) Qualitative Data Analysis - A Sourcebook of New Methods, California, Sage Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Mowday, R.T., And Sutton, R.I. 1993. Organizational behavior: Linking individuals and groups to organizational contexts. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 195-229.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1976). Phenomenology of Perception, trans. Smith , C. (1976) New Jersey: The Humanities Press
Salkind, N. (2006).Exploring Research.6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Salas, E., Stagl, K.C., and Burke, C.S. 2004. 25 years of team effectiveness in organizations: research themes and emerging needs. In C.L. Cooper and Ivan T. Robertson (Eds.),International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 19, 47-91
Schutz, A (ed) (1970) H R Wagner On phenomenology and social relations Chicago, Chicago University Press
Stake, R. (1995). The art of case research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. London: Sage
Strauss, A.L. & Corbin, J. (1998) Basics of Qualitative research techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, USA, Sage
Yin, R. K. (1984). Case study research: Design and methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Yin, R. (1993). Applications of case study research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publishing.