Essays on Conservation of Tropical Forests of Paraguay - Appropriateness of the Policies to Address the Issue Case Study

Tags: Economics
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The paper “ Conservation of Tropical Forests of Paraguay - Appropriateness of the Policies to Address the Issue” is an intriguing example of the case study on macro & microeconomics. The globe’ s tropical forests are remarkably diverse. They range from lush rain forests, steamy jungles to dry savannas and forests and they offer habitat to millions of species of animals and plants (Mastrantonio and Francis, 2000). Approximately, the tropical forests once covered 6.2bilion hectares (15.3 billion acres), but at present, they have been lessened through clearing and cutting at a rapid rate which is aimed at creating more room for agriculture due to the increased population (Mastrantonio and Francis, 2000).

Between the years 1985 and 1990, 85 million hectares (210 million acres) of tropical forests were cleared (Mastrantonio and Francis, 2000). This assignment will scrutinize, evaluate, and report on the conversation of tropical rainforests, indicating how an understanding of ecological economics can assist in understanding why this is an issue and what policy responses may be suitable. Outlining the issueIt is apparent that the world’ s tropical rainforest, especially that of South America and Paraguay offers a rich source of the globe’ s biodiversity.

However, this biodiversity has been threatened by human actions which include forest clearing and cutting in order to create more room for agriculture and farming. This is also aimed at meeting man’ s dire need for valuable products and also to keep in pace with the amplified population. The issue of concern, in this case, is the fact that despite the increased international concerns regarding the conservation of tropical rainforests, they continue to be destroyed at a higher rate which exceeds 32,000 hectares (80,000 acres) every day (Mastrantonio and Francis, 2000).

This has been linked with various global impacts including species extinction, reduction of carbon sinks, loss of renewable resources and significant ecosystem services, and climatic change.

References

Costanza, R, 1991. Ecological Economics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Daly, H. and Farley, J. 2004. Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications. Washington: DC, Island Press.

Field, B.C and Field, M.K., 2008. Environmental Economics, 5th Ed, Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Harris, J M., Wise, T.A., Gallagher, K.P., and Goodwin, N.R. 2001. A Survey of Sustainable Development: Social and Economic Dimensions. Washington: Island Press.

Mastrantonio, J.L. and Francis, J.K. 2000. A Student Guide to Tropical Forest Conservation. http://www.fs.fed.us/global/lzone/student/tropical.htm#TROPICAL [Accessed September 24, 2011].

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