1.0 Introduction Productivity measure of a project is understood by many as the process of ascertaining level to which the project has been to achieve its goals. It particularly takes into consideration the ratios of the project inputs and outputs. This way one can be able to determine the worthiness of the resources that have been invested for the project. According to Peypoch and Solonandrasana (2008), the project observer or assessor may have different options in terms of the project scope and the relative importance of all the resources that put into the project.
The level of productivity can be measured based on the output or the level of functionality of a completed project. In many occasions, resources utilized in a project are measured in monetary terms. It is argued that the most effective productivity measure must be able to be used as the baseline for determining the ways that can be used to ensure performance improvement. In addition, according (Sharpe and Arsenault 2007), productivity measurements results can also be used in informing the worthiness of the investment processes, the methods and tools used as well as the outsourcing process.
Even there is always need to continuous measure the level of productivity of a project, there are a number of factors that have persistently continued to influence the productivity estimates and which include quality and project change requirements. In the contemporary society, there are many issues that have been raised with productivity measurements. More important the process of measuring productivity is narrowly based on the simplistic ways which do not add up to giving clear expectations of the project (Hulten et al 2001).
This is because some codes of measurement are taken into account while others are ignored and consequently affecting the results of productivity measurement. The primary objective of this report is to critically evaluate the reasons that have made productivity measurement a difficult task and some of the ways that can be employed to improve project productivity. 2.0 Productivity analysis Productivity is particularly very difficulty to define because of the several factors that have to be taken into consideration. The productivity measurement tools must take into account the objectives of the project and the ways in which different tools will be applied to achieve the specified objectives.
The various trends in terms of economical and political environment are some of the factors that have continued to make the process of measuring the level of productivity a very difficult task (Nadiri and Ingmar 2001). This is because these elements are never static and they continue to change thus posing new challenges to experts in measuring the level of productivity. The four key elements that ought to be factored into productivity measurement include the scope of product output, the project resources, project changes and quality delivery.
These key four elements assumed to be among the several factors that have greatly hardened the process of determining the productivity level a project. 2.1 The project inputsThis defines the functional units that have to be engaged in order to correspond with the project needs. Even though the value of the inputs can be determined, it’s not always easy to determine from the onset the size of the project and the likely impact of certain resource inputs to the project results.
Throughout the project duration, several requirements have to be taken into consideration. The project is always expected to take less effort but produce results that are able to satisfy the requirements of the project. This is the reason as to why productivity is always made difficult to define because it cannot be easy to determine the project output before its conception or implementation (Rutkauskas and Paulavičienėm 2005). Ideally, the project outputs are expected to conform to the project goals in order to say that the project has been successful or not.
In other words the impact the effort that was put into the project could only be seen once the project has been completed. However, this has not been easy for many the experts. This is due to the fact that the project continues to take shape as the implementation process continues to place.