The paper "Theories of Industrial Modernization and Development" is a wonderful example of a Macro and Microeconomics Essay. Trade unions are one of the major components of modern relations in the industrial system. Each union operates using its own goals for achievement based on its constitution. Trade unions are formed by workers in the organizations with the aim of protecting the workers’ interests, improving the workers’ conditions of working and other goals (Harcourt & Wood 2006). It is generally a continuous association developed for the wage earners in order to maintain and improve their working conditions.
Trade union is very essential in developing countries as it is used to protect workers from abusive and exploitative conditions and also pressurizes the employers to share the gains from production with the employees so that the workers can enjoy the fruits of economic growth. In history, collective bargaining and union presentation in developed countries has been the keys to a stable population working in various sectors and workers has been able to gain a equitable share of what they can create in industries(Fernie & Metcalf 2005).
It has also enabled the workers to gain job security and improve their working conditions. The changes in political, educational and social environments in relation to the awareness of workers’ rights such as right to bargain, to organise and settle employment terms and conditions have caused springing up of the unions to further and protect the interests of workers. Trade union is influenced by a multitude of factors such as economic, cultural, historical, social and political conditions (Hyman 2002). The traditional functions of trade unions totally remain relevant to the employment relations in the 21st century.
Although there are changes in employment relations due to advancements in technology, trade unions use traditional functions as a foundation. This essay discusses the changing patterns in the roles and functions of trade unions and the change in the relations of the management and unions. Trade unions are legitimately responsible for coordinating workers with the aim of voicing their grievances and their rights. Lack of unions in the industries would make them too dictatorial or paternalistic. The important role played by unions is maintaining the relationship between labor and management.
The primary functions of trade unions serve as the traditional functions of these unions and cannot be excluded in current employment relations. According to Schuler & Jackson (2007), the most important function of trade unions is the protection and promotion of the interests of the workers. This is enhanced through the improvement of the living and working conditions and representation of the interests of workers in all aspects of the organization. They offer cooperation in a responsive manner in the improvement of various levels such as discipline, production and productivity, and high-quality standards.
They ensure that workers secure fair wages which makes the workers under the union sector earn more wages as compared to those in the non-union sector. Trade unions also enlarge training and promotion opportunities for workers. They promote the identification of the interests of workers with industries. Finally, trade union enhances facilitation and cooperating technological advancement by helping the workers to broaden their understanding of any underlying issues (Freeman & Medoff 1984).
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