Discussion – Coursework Example

Juvenile Court System versus Adult Court System Juvenile Court System differs from Adult or Criminal Justice System mostly in terms of psychological aspects. The former believes in the potential of “rehabilitation”. A juvenile undergoes a “hearing”, which is normally done in private, instead of a trial and is charged as “delinquent” instead of guilty. The latter imposes punishment for an offense. Judicial processes are open to public in the adult court system. Also, an adult offender may apply for bond or bail. Parole is based on surveillance and activities for juvenile, while for an adult, it is based on surveillance and behaviour (WGBH Educational Foundation , 1995-2012). The Juvenile Court System implements “statutory exclusion” wherein a youth can be placed under the criminal court, depending on his previous court history, issues related to age, and offense committed. This is necessary for the deterrence of juvenile violent crime where rehabilitation is no longer sufficient. The setbacks of this “statutory exclusion”, based on studies, are tendencies for relapse, and certain cases of physical and sexual assaults (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinqunecy Prevention).
Revocation of probation for juvenile is permitted. As per Section 771.7 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. 771.7 Revoking probation of juvenile for conviction of felony or misdemeanor; commitment of juvenile to department of corrections; violation of probation; order. (http://law.onecle.com, 2010)
The use of computers, or information technology in general, may increase crime clearance rates and improve the quality of police work, but it does not alone reduce crime rate. Information technology and an effective organization of the police department should go hand in hand in order to achieve a more successful and powerful crime-fighting. (Garicano & Heaton)
References:
Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. (2011, April 22). OJJDP- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved January 4, 2012, from http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04101.asp?qaDate=2009
Garicano, L., & Heaton, P. CentrePiece Winter 2007/08. Retrieved January 4, 2012, from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/cp247.pdf
http://law.onecle.com. (2010, March 26). Retrieved January 4, 2012, from http://law.onecle.com/michigan/760-777-code-of-criminal-procedure/mcl-771-7.html
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinqunecy Prevention. (n.d.). Juvenile Justice Reform Initiatives in the States 1994-1996. Retrieved January 4, 2012, from http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/reform/ch2_j.html
WGBH Educational Foundation . (1995-2012). Juvenile Justice. Retrieved January 4, 2012, from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/juvenile/stats/juvvsadult.html