Crisis ManagementDefinition of the terminologies used to describe the different aspects of crisisCrisisA Crisis is an event that is unprecedented that possesses the potentiality of negative effects. The events and the consequences that follow may to a great extent cause damage an organization and its products, employees, financial condition, reputation and services. HurricaneAll the hurricanes commence as tropical waves that gather size and intensity to tropical depressions, which eventually grow into tropical storms. A tropical storm is a core tropical cyclone that is warm in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed varies from 74 m/h to 39 miles/h.
The winds rotate anti-clock-wise in the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere, clockwise. A hurricane is a tropical storm having winds that have reached a constant speed of 74miles per hour or above that (Haddow & Bullock, 2007). Hurricane winds consequently blow in a huge spiral a relatively center which is calm which is known as an eye. The eye is mostly 20 to 30 miles in width and the storm is bound to extend outward for about 400miles. While the hurricane approaches, the sky will start to darken and winds gather strength.
Veenema (2007), notes that as the hurricane approaches land it can bring with it torrential rains, storm surges and high winds. A single hurricane can last for a period of more than two weeks on open waters and can run a path across the whole length of the eastern seaboard. Hurricanes have the ability to cause enormous damage and destruction over a large area. LandslidesLandslides happen when masses of rock, debris or earth are triggered to move down a slope. Land slides can be very small or very huge, and their speeds vary from slow to very high.
They triggered by fires, storms and by human modification of land. Debris flows or mudflows are rivers of rock, earth and some other debris which are saturated with water. They come up when water rapidly accumulates in the ground for instance incase of heavy rainfall or rapid snowmelt, altering the earth into a flowing river of slurry or mud. Slurry is able to travel several miles away from its source as it grows in size and picking up cars, trees, and other materials found on the way (Regester & Larkin, 2005).
TsunamisIt is a series of waves that are generated by a disturbance that happens undersea for instance, an earthquake. Tsunamis can also be occasioned by landslides and volcanic eruptions. From the disturbance area the waves then travel outward to all directions similar to the ripples caused by someone throwing a rock in water in a pond. As the waves come close to the shallow coastal waters, they appear to be normal and the speed declines.
Then as the tsunami comes close to the coastline it can grow to a great height smashing into the shore resulting into untold destruction. The tsunami arrival is in a series of “crests” that come successively (levels of nigh water) and “troughs” which are areas of low water levels. The troughs and crests that come successively can happen anywhere from five to ninety minutes apart. They normally occur 45 to 10 minutes apart. The speed of wave in the open ocean averages at 450 miles per hour.
Tsunamis that have reached heights of more than 100feet have occurred and registered (Haddow & Bullock, 2007).