The paper "Business Continuity Strategies" is a good example of a literature review on management. There are numerous literature and research on crisis management and it has been in the increase over the last decade following varied crises witnessed globally such as the Haiti earthquake, the earthquake-tsunami in Japan, the SARS outbreak, the Hurricane Katrina and the bomb attacks on the US on September 11 among others. Primarily, crisis entails a set of external events over which no one has control (Mitroff, 2003). What one has control over and that which they ought to manage are the response to the event.
An effective response to the crisis, therefore, lies in having well-developed, synchronized, flexible, and reviewed response plans (Smith & Dan, 2002). A crisis can be termed as any situation, which within a short duration of time causes harm in terms of destruction of life and property. Smith & Dan (2002) defines crisis management as the concept of managing and coordinating responses to an event that threatens to harm or has caused damage to people, property, valuables, and reputation and hinders the capacity of people or even organizations to operate.
Crisis management encompasses the planning and applying the right response as the event unfolds. In addition, it consists of techniques and strategies used to respond to perceived or actual threats, developing metrics to define crisis and thus, triggering appropriate response mechanisms and it includes communication, which takes place within the response phase of emergency management situations (Mitroff, 2003). The 2011 Tsunami in Japan will have a significant impact on how a crisis is managed and already several countries around the world are undertaking an in-depth analysis of their preparedness to deal with a large scale tsunami.
Many programs have been developed in order to improve public safety during tsunami emergencies. This informs the report which seeks to research, analyze, and discuss what recent recommendations have been made.
Devlin, E. (2007). Crisis management planning and execution. Accessed on 21st March 2012 from http://toolkit.smallbiz.nsw.gov.au/part/18/90/396
Mitroff, I. I. (2003). Crisis Leadership: Planning for the Unthinkable. New York: John Wiley.
Nakahara, S. (2011). Lessons learnt from the recent tsunami in Japan: necessity of epidemiological evidence to strengthen community-based preparation and emergency response plans. Injury Prevention, doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2011-040163. Accessible from http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2011/11/03/injuryprev-2011-040163.full
Patrick. (2011). Some perspective on the Japan earthquake. Kalzumeus. Accessible from http://www.kalzumeus.com/2011/03/13/some-perspective-on-the-japan-earthquake
Smith, D. (2003). Business continuity and crisis management. Management Quarterly, pp 27-33. Accessible from http://opscentre.com/resources/pdfs/Research/Business%20Continuity%20and%20Crisis%20Management.pdf
Smith, L & Dan M. (2002). Before Crisis Hits: Building a Strategic Crisis Plan. Washington, DC: AACC Community College Press.
Wilson, J. & Wilson, S. (2001). Mass media, mass culture: An introduction (5th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.