Essays on Transactional, Transformational and Situational Leadership Literature review

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "Transactional, Transformational and Situational Leadership" is an outstanding example of management literature review. There are many definitions and qualities that are given to leadership due to its complexity (Grimm 2010). According to the definition given by Porter-O’ Grady(2003) leadership is defined as a multifaceted process where goals are identified, and motivating people towards action and support and motivation being given towards achievement of mutually negotiated goals. In clinical practice, the definition of leadership is given as direct involvement in clinical care while having a constant influence on others in ensuring there is an improvement in the care they are giving (Cook 1999).

A leader has a role of eliciting effective performance from the people they are leading. The leaders are supposed to lead and influence the development of shared values, vision as well as expectation so as to have an improvement on the goals of the organization and the overall effectiveness (Feather 2009). Winkler (2010) points out that, leaders have always been seen to possess unique personality traits from those of the people they are leading. The personalities associated with good leaders have been given by Grimm (2010) as comprising confidence, ethical fitness, purpose, courage and having the ability to prioritize.

The proposition of Whitehead et al (2009) was that even though leadership may be natural in some people everyone has the capability of leading if they are imparted with relevant knowledge and skills. Leadership skills may be improved through the acquisition of education (Mahoney, 2001). Enhancement of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness as well as social skills is an approach that is taken by many organizations which have seen to be successful (Feather 2009). The definition of emotional intelligence is given as one’ s ability to control the effect of emotions impacting on a relationship with others (Walton 2012).

The belief of Goleman(1998) is that emotional intelligence is very important in effective leadership and his observation was that having training of high quality, good ideas, as well as an analytical mind, was not enough when emotional intelligence was lacking. There has been a huge development in research towards emotional intelligence, but the concept has remained controversial and studies for testing its effectiveness have not been satisfactory (Cavazotte et al 2012).  

References

Bach S, Ellis P (2011) Leadership,Management and Team Working in Nursing. Learning Matters Ltd, Exeter.

Bass BM (2008) The Bass Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research, and Managerial Applications. Fourth edition. Free Press, New York NY.

Bassett S, Westmore K (2012) How nurse leaders can foster a climate of good governance. Nursing Management. 19, 5, 22-24.

Bell,L. (1948). Thomas J. Watson, In Forbes, B. (ed.), America’s Fifty Foremost Business Leaders. New York:Forbes &Son Publishing Company.

Burke CS, Stagl KC, Klein C, Goodwin GF, Salas E, Halpin SM (2006) What type of leadership behaviors are functional in teams? A meta-analysis. The Leadership Quarterly. 17, 3, 288-307.

Cavazotte F, Moreno V, Hickmann M (2012) Effects of leader intelligence, personality and emotional intelligence on transformational leadership and managerial performance. The Leadership Quarterly. 23, 3, 443-455.

Collins, J. & J. Porras (2002). Built to last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies, New York: HarperCollins.

Cook MJ (1999) Improving care requires leadership in nursing. NurseEducation Today. 19, 4, 306-312.

Côté S, Lopes PN, Salovey P, Miners CTH (2010) Emotional intelligence and leadership

emergence in small groups. The Leadership Quarterly. 21, 3,496-508.

Crevani L, Lindgren M, Packendorff J (2010) Leadership, not leaders: on the study of leadership as practices and interactions. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 26, 1, 77-86.

Cummings G, Lee H, MacGregor T et al (2008) Factors contributing to nursing leadership: a systematic review. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy. 13, 4, 240-248.

Department of Health (2007) Our NHS, Our Future. The Stationery Office, London.

Dierckx de Casterlé B, Willemse A,Verschueren M, Milisen K (2008) Impact of clinical leadership development on the clinical leader, nursing team and care-giving process: a case study. Journal ofNursing Management. 16, 6, 753-763.

Feather R (2009) Emotional intelligence in relation to nursing leadership: does it matter? Journal of Nursing Management. 17, 3, 376-382.

Goleman D (1998) What makes a leader? Harvard Business Review. 76, 6, 93-102.

Grimm JW (2010) Effective leadership: making the difference. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 36, 1, 74-77.

Horwitz IB, Horwitz SK, Daram P,Brandt ML, Brunicardi FC,Awad SS (2008) Transformational,transactional, and passive-avoidant leadership characteristics of a surgical resident cohort: analysis using the multifactor leadership questionnaire and implications for improving surgical education curriculums. Journal of Surgical Research. 148, 1, 49-59.

IBM (2004). IBM and Lenovo: New Leadership in Global PCs.

Ling,Z. (2006). The Lenovo Affair: The Growth of China’s Computer Giant and its Takeover of IBM-PC. Singapore

.

Liu, C. (2007). Lenovo: An Example of Globalization of Chinese Enterprises. Journal of International Business Studies, 38.

London, S. (2005). The making of a Multinational Part II: Your Rules and My Processes. Financial Times. November 10, 2005

Lynch BM, McCormack B, McCance T (2011) Development of a model of situational leadership in residential care for older people. Journal of Nursing Management.

19, 8, 1058-1069.

Mahoney J (2001) Leadership skills for the 21st century. Journal of Nursing Management. 9, 5, 269-271.Malloy T, Penprase B (2010) Nursing leadership style and psychosocial work environment. Journal of Nursing Management. 18, 6, 715-725.

Marquis BL, Huston CJ (2009) Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing: Theory and Application. Sixth edition. Wolters

Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia PA. Marriner Tomey A (2009) Guideto Nursing Management and Leadership. Eighth edition. Mosby Elsevier, Maryland Heights MO.

Maslow AH (1987) Motivation and Personality. Third edition.Addison-Wesley, New York NY.

Mills, D. and Friessen, G. (1996). Broken Promises-An Unconventional View of What Went Wrong at IBM. Boston, MA: Havard Business Press.

NHS Leadership Academy (2011)The Leadership Framework. tinyurl.com/ankqtep (Last accessed:May 14 2013.)

Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) The Code: Standards of Conduct, Performance and Ethics for Nurses and Midwives. NMC, London.

Papworth MA, Milne D, Boak G (2009) An exploratory content analysis of situational leadership. Journal of Management Development. 28, 7, 593-606.

Parry KW, Bryman A (2006) Leadership in organizations. In Clegg SR, Hardy C, Lawrence TB,Nord WR (Eds) The SAGE Handbook of Organization Studies. Second

edition. Sage Publications, London,447-468.

Pilzweger, M. (2006). IBM:PC-Sparte selt Jahren Im Minus, PC-Welt.

Porter-O’Grady T (2003) A different age for leadership, part 1: new context, new content. Journal of Nursing Administration. 33, 2,105-110.

Quelch, J. and Knoop, C.I. (2006). Lenovo; Building and Global Brand. (Case No. 9-507-014). Boston, MA: Harvard Business School.

Rolfe P (2011) Transformational leadership theory: what every leader needs to know. Nurse Leader.9, 2, 54-57.

Schoel C, Bluemke M, Mueller P,Stahlberg D (2011) When autocratic leaders become an option: uncertainty and self-esteem predict implicit leadership preferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 101, 3,521-540.

Sims HP, Faraj S, Yun S (2009)When should a leader be directive or empowering? How to develop your own situational theory of leadership. Business Horizons. 52, 2, 149-158.

Vinkenburg CJ, van Engen ML,Eagly AH, Johannesen-Schmidt MC (2011) An exploration of stereotypical beliefs about leadership styles: is transformational leadership a route to women’s promotion? The Leadership Quarterly. 22,1, 10-21.

Walton D (2012) Introducing Emotional Intelligence: A Practical Guide. Icon Books Ltd, London.

Wang XH, Howell JM (2010) Exploring the dual-level effects of transformational leadership on followers. Journal of Applied Psychology. 95, 6, 1134-1144.

Weeks, J. (2004). Culture and Leadrship at IBM. INSEAD case 10/2004-5239.

Whitehead DK, Weiss SA,Tappen RM (2009) Essentials of Nursing Leadership and

Management. Fifth edition. FA Davis Company, Philadelphia PA.

Winkler I (2010) Contemporary Leadership Theories: Enhancing the Understanding of the Complexity,Subjectivity and Dynamic ofLeadership. Springer, Heidelberg.

Wolf, D. (2009). Lenovo: Amello’s Exit a Sign that IBM Integration Hitting the Rocks?

Wong CA, Cummings GG (2007) The relationship between nursing leadership and patient outcomes: a systematic review. Journal of Nursing Management. 15, 5, 508-521.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us