The paper "Role of Interview Data in Qualitative Research " is a perfect example of statistics coursework. There are a number of methods of data collection that are used in qualitative research including observation, visual or textual analysis as well as interviews. Interviews are considered one of the most important methods of data collection in the qualitative analysis as they help collect more quality data in relation to the other methods. Using qualitative interviewing techniques, researchers are able to observe and record the subject’ s unique experiences or perspectives as relates to the issue being investigated.
Qualitative interviews involve questions that are open-ended with a discussion that is in nature conversational hence allowing the respondent to give their personal and firsthand account or experience. Thus, the interviewer insight into the respondent’ s experience and hence complete feedback are obtained unlike other similar methods of data collection. Thus, this paper critically evaluates the role of interview data in qualitative research. The paper also discusses the key characteristics of the data collection process and analysis specifically using interviews as the main qualitative data source. The role of interview data in qualitative research As stated above, qualitative interview data is of better quality than data collected using other means owing to its characteristics.
Thus, interview data in qualitative research plays a great role in ensuring that quality research that meets the researcher’ s expectations is conducted. Interview data for qualitative research is more detailed than other forms of data. This is because interviews enable the interviewer to gather complex and in-depth data. This type of detailed data cannot be obtained through other forms such as questionnaires. Qualitative interviews enable the subjects to discuss related issues with the interviewer following up with a secondary line of questioning thus enabling one to obtain better quality data.
Thus, a major role played by interview data in qualitative research is providing in-depth and detailed information to the researcher by being more interrogative. Interview data also lays a vital role in qualitative research by allowing the interviewer to gather emotional data in addition to hard factual data collected using other means (Burnard, 2009). For instance, when an interviewer asks the subject to describe how he/she felt in a certain situation, the interviewer is able to get more complete feedback as the respondent explains the process.
For example, a researcher conducting research on a mental toll home visit with a social worker being the respondent, he may ask the social worker questions such as how a typical home visit is conducted or unfolds. The social worker, on the other hand, would provide basic answers that would describe the step by step approach or assessment of the environment. On the other hand, if the researcher wants to get greater detail about the emotions that characterize the visit, the scene and the setting, he may want to ask the social worker about the description of the most distressing home visit she has ever made from its beginning to its end.
This way, interview data for qualitative research plays a great role by enabling the researcher to get a perspective assessment of the situation by not only obtaining hard facts about the issue but also helping obtain the emotional data in addition. This shows that interview data gives the researcher a comprehensive overview of the issue being researched on thus giving a quality outcome of the research.
Burnard, P2009, Analyzing and presenting qualitative data, British Dental Journal, vol. 204, p. 429-432.
Sharan, M2007, Qualitative Research: A guide to design and implementation, London, Rutledge.
Michael, P2010, Qualitative research and evaluation methods, London, Sage Publications.
Sharlene, H2015, Analyzing qualitative data: with or without software, New York, Taylor & Francis.
Cassell, C&, Symon, G2004, Essential guide to qualitative methods in organizational research, London, Sage.