The paper “ Tools for Organising, Planning and Monitoring Project-Based Programs in Project-Based Environment” is a persuasive example of the essay on management. Project-based organizations carry out most of their functions through properly defined programs that have specific projects that need to be adequately managed to achieve the desired goals. Each project goes through the project management life cycle. On a general note, project management involves the employment of various methods, processes, skills, knowledge, and experience towards achieving the various objectives of a project. As such, the project management process starts from the planning of such objectives and the mechanisms through which they can be achieved, and ends with the achievement of benefits, outcome, or outputs.
In this view, project management methodologies including the PRINCE 2, Six Sigma, Agile, Waterfall, Project Initiation Document, Work Breakdown Structure, Critical Path Approach, Quality Function Deployment, risk/impact matrix, SIPOC diagram, and seven quality tools are step by step methods and tools through which a project can be managed. It is important to note that all these methodologies and tools differ in terms of their themes, processes, principles, and mechanisms.
However, the major similarity between these methodologies and tools in their end goal, which is to ensure adherence to the budget, time frame, and scope of the project while ensuring that all the objectives and goals of the project are well addressed. This paper is going to review some of the methodologies and goals of project management and how they can be employed at the different stages of a project to ensure success. Employed Techniques/ Methods and ToolsProject PlanningPRINCE 2PRINCE 2 is a project management methodology that was developed by the UK government, specifically the Office of Government Commerce (OGC).
This is a generic methodology that separates specialists from management products. Specialist products are specialization areas such as Engineering, Software Application Development, or Construction. Case in point, one may use SCRUM methodology for product development within a project, while running the project using the PRINCE 2 methodology. A management product on the other hand maybe a Business Case, assessment, and justification of the development of the same product. One of the major strengths of this methodology is that it is compatible with other methods.
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