Essays on Personnel Management Practice Case Study

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The paper "Personnel Management Practice" is a great example of a Management Case Study. Subway is a restaurant that was started in 1965 by Fred Deluca and is currently a market leader in the sandwich shops and subs giving their customers a better and healthier alternative to traditional fast foods. The restaurant offers submarine sandwiches that have a main meat condiment and vegetables. Subway restaurant has 34395 restaurants in 97 countries all over the world. The company’ s headquarters are in Milford, Connecticut, U.S (Subway, 2014). There is still a need for the company to consider more expansion in all of the countries that it has not been able to reach.

Despite the company being a market leader in the Quick food industry, there is still the quest to make more revenue by expanding its services to countries all over the world. Through the expansion of subway’ s products to other parts of the world, Subway is going to be able to benefit from the countless opportunities available in other parts of the world. Japan has a different culture which is going to be a strategic issue that is going to affect the International Human Resource for Subway.

Japan is known to be an economic house which obviously means that this will be a great opportunity for the Subway restaurant. This report will focus on the differences between the USA and Japanese culture and some of the international human resource management strategies that Subway can use to venture into the Japanese market. Country Analysis 2.1 American culture The American culture tends to be centered on individualistic values where everybody considers himself/herself and others as autonomous, independent and reliant on oneself to be successful in whatever endeavor.

It is important to note that the American population is more heterogeneous as compared to the population of other Japan and other countries (Kumayama, 2005). America according to Fells (2012) is a low context country where the message has to be coded explicitly as little meaning can be derived from the context. This reality can be attributed to the heterogeneity of the cultures which creates confusion and thus the need to have an explicit encoding of messages. As such the culture is portrayed as competitive when it comes to negotiation, energetic and aggressive in pursuit of goals and objectives (Hawrysh & Zaichkowsky, 2001). Americans have a high sense of equality and thus hierarchy doesn’ t have a considerable impact on relationships between individuals in the workplace and in the society too.

The most important thing is to get things going irrespective of your social ranking. American culture emphasizes the importance of time as a scarce resource. If things have to be achieved then there is little room for time wastage.

If anything, time in America is referred to as money. Due to this, Americans focus on the present and the future short-run period. Successor progress has to be achieved within the nearest future period The Americans call it as it is without fearing to lose face. Criticisms, views, and opinions are communicated directly in American culture. Assertiveness is an attribute to be envied in America in the sense that one has no fear to express their opinions without indirect connotations (Kumayama, 2005).

References

Armstrong M. (2008), Personnel Management Practice, Kogan Page

Francesco A.M.; Gold B.A.,(2003) International Organizational Behavior, Prentice Hall

Dowling P.J.; Schuler R.S.; Welch D.E.(2002), International Dimensions of Human Resource Management, Belmont, Wadsworth

Gudykunst, W. (2003). Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Communication . SAGE

Hawrysh, B., & Zaichkowsky, J. (2001). Cultural Approaches to Negotiations: Understanding the Japanese. European Journal of Marketing , 25 (10), 40-54

ITIM International. (2003) : Geert Hofsted Cultural Dimensions retrieved on 15th March 2014 fromhttp://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_japan.shtml

Kumayama, A. (2005).Japanese/American cross-cultural business negotiations. intercultural communication studieS (1), 51-67

Kobayashi, J., & Viswat, L. (2011). Intercultural Communication Competence in Business: Communication between Japanese and Americans. Journal Of Intercultural Communication , 26 (1)

Jun,J. & Muto, H (2005) the hidden dimension of Japanese Administration: culture and its impact. Public Administration Review, 125-134

Rehu M. L (2005). A performance Motivator in one country, A non motivator in another? An empirical study Proceedings of the sixty – fifth annual meeting of the Academy of management

Herbig, P & Lawrence J (2008) Cultures as an explanatory Variable for Japanese Innovative process, Cross cultural management, volume 5

Heibutzki R (2010) Industrial Relations Laws Retrieved on 15th March 2014 from http://www.ehow.com/list_7253998_industrial-relations-laws.html

Subway (2014) The History Of Subway Retrieved on March 15, 2014from http://www.subway.com/subwayroot/about_us/history.aspx

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