The paper “ Factors That Influence Cross Docking, Effective Cross Docking for Improving Distribution Efficiencies” is a perfect variant of coursework on the business. Cross-docking is an action involving offloading of materials from an incoming carrier and loading it to an outgoing carrier, without them having to pass through a warehouse or in any other storage facility. Thus, Cross dock means that materials are moved from the arriving dock to the departing dock area. At its purest, there is no storage involved and the shipment doesn't touch the ground. In most cases where the goods are bulky, forklifts are used in transferring them from the inbound trucks or ship to the outbound ones. Cross-docking is done at distribution docking terminals, usually with trucks and dock doors on the two sides.
The two sides are the incoming and outgoing side, with limited storage space (Apte and Viswanathan 2000, 291). The name ‘ cross-docking' describes the movement of materials across two docks, from inbound to the outbound transportation docks. This paper define describes the purpose of cross-docking and the companies using them as well as gives the importance of cross-docking. DiscussionIncoming carriers are given locations at the receiving docks terminal.
Once the inbound carriages have been docked, their loads are either directly or indirectly transferred to the outbound transportation. The content is offloaded, sorted, and screened to identify their final destination (Yu and Egbelu 2008, 377). After that, the materials are then moved to the departures side of the cross-dock using forklifts, conveyor belt, and pallet truck among other means of transport to their respective departures dock. After the outgoing carriers have been loaded, the load can then be delivered to the customer. In some cases, goods are slightly damaged which results in losses to the shipper, typically the manufacturer, who is always responsible for ensuring the cross-docking for the customer is successful.
Since there is no storage involved in the movement of these goods, there is no routing to the warehouse, no retrieval from the warehouse ranks and no rerouting back to the docking area thus, significantly saving in holding and handling inventory costs. By shifting from the traditional distribution centers (DCs) to cross-docking facilities, companies can increase inventory turns and reduce material handling and distribution costs.
When cross-docking is done effectively, it enables businesses to cost savings by eliminating the need for storage space and labor costs (Lee, Jung and Lee 2006, 247). Transportation companies prefer cross-docking because the trucks have fuller loads and the exact destination for each material, which saves the transportation cost. It also saves time since the shipper may adapt to new selling channels and market conditions, thus, it can reach each customer faster. However, despite the fact that cross-docking delivers significant financial and operational benefits to achieve efficient performance, firms must implement proper tracking, auditing, and compliance.
Just like other data-driven supply chain activities, cross-docking requires control and visibility of shipment from suppliers to the end client Type of Cross Docking 1. Continuous Cross DockingThis type is considered the simplest and fastest cross-docking process. It involves the direct and immediate transfer of goods from an incoming to an outgoing carrier. This is mostly used for perishable goods that need to be transported to their destination in time to avoid losses in case they go bad while on transit (Morris et al.