Essays on How the Effectiveness of Decision Support Systems Depends on the Effectiveness of People Literature review

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The paper “ How the Effectiveness of Decision Support Systems Depends on the Effectiveness of People” is affecting example of the literature review on management. The assertion that “ Decision Support Systems are developed to support, not replace, human decision-making” is so widely accepted among researchers and commentators that it could be considered an axiom. “ Support” , after all, is part of the name. But the support a DSS offers to a decision-maker or an organization does not pass in one direction only. Successful use of the system can improve the system itself so that with continued use it becomes increasingly more productive. This paper begins with a brief explanation of the need for decision support systems in business and an explanation of the key features and characteristics of decision support systems.

An overview of the ways in which decision support systems, management decision-makers, and organizations all affect each other follows. Specific examples of human decision-making processes are offered with evidence from the research literature. Finally, the impact of management integration with a decision support system and the ways that some of the social and organizational variables can be managed is discussed.

From all this, it will be clearly seen that a DSS cannot be a replacement for the decision-making process, but is an effective supporting tool to be used in decision-making. The Need for Decision Support SystemsAs a business grows in size and complexity, the information available to and needed by executives and managers increases in a similar fashion. Every aspect of the business’ s activities is in some respect variable and interconnected. Information is an asset, and since the smart objective for any business is to use its assets productively information must be used as productively as well, and in order to manage the complexity of the available data, a decision support system is often required.

(Wild & Griggs, 2008: 493)Iandoli, Klein, and Zollo (2009: 70) point out that the rapid growth of “ online peer production communities” like Linux and Wikipedia demonstrate new, remarkable capabilities for gathering and sharing information. There are, however, a number of characteristics of group deliberation that prevent the information from being used effectively to solve problems.

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