The paper "Ethics in Business" is a good example of business coursework. Zame (2008) argues that utilitarianism model as normative ethics posits that, a proper course of action aims at maximizing utility. Generally, the course of action should maximize happiness and reduce suffering. It is an ideal perfection of morality where any decision is made with an attempt to foresee the consequences. If the action is ascertained to have moral worth then it is accredited. However, any action that has a decidedly negative impact on other people should not be supported. The resulting outcome of any action determines the worth of a course of action.
Consideration should be made in order to give the actual intended and foreseen consequences. A range of values related to the public needs to be preserved. The actors can use rules to choose the right action. Though there are problems acknowledged that faces calculation of consequences, the use of rules can promote the right decision to settle for what is useful. The model transcends in wide-range scenarios and particularly where human rights are involved. In case the actors choose something less in the course of action, the consequences that would result would see the actors subjected to myriad claims since there are rules that guide morality and safeguards the rights of subordinates.
The dominant force cannot act alone without considering not only the consequences that would affect those to whom it owes the duty of care. It also has to consider the impacts its actions may have if at all the course of action chosen ends up being taken as decided unethically (Zame, 2008). As Rigamonti (2007) observes, the moral rights approach assumes that, there are fundamental rights and liberties that human beings enjoy and cannot be taken away by the individual’ s decision.
An ethical direct decision has to maintain the rights of those people that are affected by it. Moral rights approach is founded on a number of principles where each supports the right choice by actors. Free consent is fundamental human rights where an individual can only be treated knowingly and having consented to be treated in a certain manner. The right of privacy demonstrates an individual’ s choice to act as it would please them and control information on private life.
Individuals’ right and freedom of conscience should be promoted and they should be refrain from anything that violates their religious and moral norms. As Beugré and Acar (2008) argue, moral rights also offer an individual’ s right to free speech where one is allowed to criticize truthful ethics and the legality of other people’ s actions. A due process should be a right offered to the individual to extend the rights to fair treatment and impartial hearing.
Individual’ s right to life and safety should be acknowledged without anyone endangering or violating their safety and health. In order to proceed with ethical decisions, managers then need to avoid any interference with the fundamental rights of other people. There should not be the decision that would, in turn, affect a person’ s right to privacy, freedom of conscience, free speech or any other moral rights that fundamentally impact on personal life. Any action should be regulated and moral conduct. The model covers a wide range of basic premises asset in general understating of human actors as different from non-actors.