The paper "The Key Elements of Frederick Taylor's Approach to Scientific Management" is a good example of management coursework. Scientific management, also known as Taylorism, is a concept of management that was developed and furthered by Fredrick Winslow Taylor, popularly known as the father of scientific management. He believed in a purely scientific approach in any decision-making process of any managerial position (Taylor, 1998). He basically was in contrast with all the unscientific approaches based their decisions on traditional management practices. The essence of a scientific approach is to base decisions on facts that are fully proven, for instance, through research and experimenting.
He did not believe in the rules of thumb, tradition, personal opinions or precedents. Neither did he believe that hearsay nor can guesswork do in management (Ritzer, 2008). The elements of his philosophies in the management process have been widely accepted and adopted in contemporary management in modern organisations. Taylor’ s major techniques and principles are still applied even in the 21st century. It is not hard for one to find various applications of scientific management in manufacturing or even industrial firms such as computer manufacturing plants or even in some of the restaurants where we take our food.
Fredrick Taylor emphasized on obtaining maximum productivity form the individual workers which could be achieved only when the organisation is structured technically (Taylor, 1998). Providing monetary incentives would also motivate the workers to give the best output. He believed that there was the best working method that the workers could use to achieve maximum results, just like there exists the best machine for each available job. In doing this, the jobs are to be broken down in parts, and each component rearranged into the method of working that is most efficient (Ritzer, 2008).
He also believed that motivation was a rationale of the economic needs of the organisation as well as that of the workers. According to him, workers are best motivated by high wages which will definitely result in high productivity. Thus, the key elements in Taylor’ s approach to scientific management include: Developing a true science for the work of every person- according to him, science can be described as organised knowledge.
Therefore, the work of every man could be organised in arranged bits of knowledge thus reducing it to a science. This element necessitates the need for every organisation to know both the interests of the worker and that of the management body (Sheldrake, 2002). The essence is that the worker avoids unnecessary criticism from the employers while giving the management his/her maximum output. For instance, in a hospital setting in contemporary organisations, the nurses and doctors will treat the patients in the best ways possible if they are only able to work under minimal criticism from the employers.
This motivates them both by providing a peaceful working environment as well as encouragement. This element, according to Fredrick Taylor, also constitutes what can be termed as a fair day’ s work. It also requires scientific investigations wherein circumstances that a large daily task is required to be achieved by the workers under optimum conditions. Such an investigation may be carried out by way of collecting necessary information and then using the data to determine the results which will be classified, tabulated or reduced into rules and regulations which will give the most appropriate and effective working methods or simply, “ the best way of carrying out the job” .
An organisation such as a hospital with such scientific developments is normally able to produce more, pay the workers higher and at the same time maximising on the profits of the company (Taylor, 1998).
Dam, N. V., & Marcus, J. (2007). Organisation and management: an international approach. Groningen [etc.], Wolters-Noordhoff. p 33-35
Ritzer, G., & Ritzer, G. (2008). The McDonaldization of society 5. Los Angles, Calif, Pine Forge Press. Pg 238
Sheldrake, J. (2003). Management theory. Australia, Thomson. Pg 12-17
Taylor, F. W. (1998). The principles of scientific management. New York, Norton. (Re-published) pg23-27
Wankel, C. (2008). 21st century management a reference handbook. Thousand Oaks, SAGE Publications. Available from http://0 galenet.galegroup.com.helin.uri.edu/servlet//eBooks?ste=22&docNum=CX2660099999&q=rwu_main.