The paper "Does Genetic Engineering Dehumanize the Parents and Children Involved in Genetic Manipulation" is a perfect example of a finance and accounting article. Spar (213, 216) indicates genetic engineering is a process that results in a change of one’ s genetic composition for medical benefits via the use of gene therapy. Spar (214) argues gene therapy is achieved through the use of germ-line cells (germ-line therapy) and somatic cells (somatic-line therapy). Spar (212-237) provides that medical genetic engineering involves extraction of a genetic sample suspected to contain abnormalities, diagnosis of genes responsible for genetic diseases or abnormalities and correction of the genetic defects through the targeted insertion of new genes with superior desirable qualities.
Spar (223) indicates medical genetic engineering is carried through combined extraction of reproductive cells, in vitro-fertilization, embryo screening for genetic defects or pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. This essay looks into the consequences of designing human beings, benefits obtained from designer baby genetic engineering experiments, the level and role of government in controlling medical genetic engineering experiments and if children should be created in order to ensure their siblings and relatives lead a better life. Spar (216) indicates Ancient Greece genetic engineering was in the past been used to steer human breeding where children with unwanted characteristics were left to die, infants with physical deformities were killed at birth and check-up of babies by the council of elders in Sparta after birth was used as a measure of a child’ s potential to be of help to the state.
Spar (216) and Roosevelt (282-291) indicate human breeding led to the imposition of sterilization for people who exhibited characteristics associated with criminality and illiteracy based on the argument that ‘ it was better to prevent defective offspring from being born than supporting them through life’ . Spar (227) indicates that genetic engineering is associated with misdiagnosis that can lead to genetic problems.
Galton, F. Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims. In Galton, Essays in Eugenics). London and New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 35, 1985.
Roosevelt, T. ""Address Before the National Congress of Mothers:." Reprinted in Presidential Addresses and State Papers of Theodore Roosevelt. Part III (1905): pps. 282-291.
Spar, D.L. The Baby Business: How money, Science and Polictics Drive the Commerce of conception. Harvard: Harvard Business Publishing Corporation, 2006.