The paper “ The Dynamics of Team or Group Building” is a worthy example of a literature review on human resources. Teamwork is an excellent way to enhance organization, output, quality of work, and personal satisfaction. However, most groups rarely achieve their full potential due to some of the following reasons according to Mel Hensey (1992). For one, many group participants regard the group as a temporary event instead of a continuous process which reduces their investment in it. Secondly, many teams are associated with feeling good rather than any concrete benefits except in sports situations such as basketball or hockey teams.
Furthermore, very few team leaders realize the value of inter-group personal chemistry is just as crucial as specialized skills and may not even know how to improve cooperation even when they can see that it is required. In order to adequately address the parameters of this analysis, it is important to define exactly what a team or group is according to the purposes of this critique. First of all, a team is a collection of individuals who are charged with different assignments within a common objective, service, or project which intermingles in terms of purpose and reciprocal support.
While a group is a collection of two or more people interacting to achieve a goal or objective a team is a group whose members are invested intensely in a specific enterprise. While all teams are groups, the opposite is not true. Distinguishing characteristics of teams, as opposed to groups, are the intensity of interaction amongst team members as well as the existence of a very precise, dominant team aspiration or purpose. Regardless of the purpose of the team, there are certain characteristics that tend to be common to them.
They have a common goal, attempt to communicate openly with each other especially when dealing with team performance, adequate leadership within the group, habitual review of performance, and designation of different roles to different members.
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