The paper "Different Management Styles in terms of Gender in Saudi Arabia" is an outstanding example of a management research proposal. The proposed research intends to deal with the gender-specific differences in managerial behavior and envisages to does that by evaluating the extent to which these gender-specific differences originate from the gender stereotypes. The research would not be about investigating the opinions and behavior of individual managers but would investigate enterprise-level evidence from Saudi Arabia. Research Rationale It is a fact that men and women differ across their social behavior. Moreover, there have been differences in the ways, our society wants them to exhibit their behavior in the various socio-economic group.
Further, the behavioral differences of these two also do not always match in across various contexts. An organization’ s managerial setting is no exception to that. Various studies highlighting these behavioral differences in managerial context have been conducted. However, initially, these studies were largely influenced by feminist scholars, and have found meager differences in the managerial behavior of male and female managers (Henning and Jardim, 1978). Some research while evaluating the stereotypical differences in gender roles has revealed that either because of nature or nurture, the social behavior of women is comparatively more caring oriented than that of men.
It has also been indicated that women have comparatively more verbal and non-verbal communication abilities along with a comprehensive approach towards decision-making (Lippa, 2002). Applying these stereotypes to managerial behavior it can be contested that women are better at managing with a “ transformational” approach, however, with a high degree of mentorship for the workforce, they manage (Bass, 1974). Another dimension which can be highlighted here is that the studies that have been carrying out are mostly revealing the individual traits rather than evaluating the enterprise-wide behavioral orientation based on gender differences.
Thus there exists a gap wherein the proposed research would be throwing some light. Like any developing economy, Saudi Arabia has evolved as an important economic element of global trade. Especially on the account of the fact that it possesses almost a quarter of all the known oil reserves in the world (Ray, 2005). As the managerial level interactions of global managers increase vis-à -vis Saudi culture, an understanding of cultural similarities and differences can facilitate cross-cultural communications and boundary spanning.
In line with the global trend, Saudi Arabia to has seen a steady increase in the proportion of women at management. As such, the proposed research put forwards a unique prospect to pursue research on culturally derived Saudi managerial behaviors and to help understand, evaluate and then formalize a gender-based strategy for management development for cross-cultural interaction of Saudi Arabia with rest of the globe. Moreover, the proposed research would be more meaningful from the perspective that most of the studies that have been undertaken in this perspective have not used the context of Arab culture (Al-Jafary & HoUingsworth, 1983). Research Questions Managerial behavior in itself is a complex parameter to evaluate.
However, we can break it down into various dimensions which can then be evaluated to arrive at some understanding. One widespread dimension that can be used to analyze the gender-based differences in managerial styles is the difference in orientation of their leadership style. This would be evaluated to know the difference in the behavior that men and women managers use to influence the actions of their employees.
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