Disaster Management and Emergency Planning Introduction: Disaster Management forms an integral part of any efforts that work in dealing with hazards and risks which may have impact on environment, human lives, health and safety and business interests. It is the means by which an industry manages itself in order to mitigate these risks. The second term that one would need to be familiar with is risk. This is a function of probability of occurrence of any hazardous event, and of the magnitude of its consequences during installation/ operation of the unit.
It is on the basis of perceived risk that risk assessment is made. This is a formalized approach to identify potential hazards arising due to hazardous operations and to quantify and evaluate same besides suggesting remedial measures to eliminate or reduce such hazards. The steps involved in risk assessment, which form Disaster Management are hazard identification, quantification and consequence analysis. Executive summary: The following is a report on the outline of a command structure and emergency management scheme in case of an incident that involves a chemical war like attack in England after a raid on a house that seems to have been the planning point of the attack.
Given the nature of the problem, the report focuses mostly on a setting up of the emergency command structure and an outline of communication and press related initiaves when the incident catches public eye. The focus of the report a method that would ensure in the long run a structure and a management system that would lessen panic and foster efficient work in the process of disaster mitigation. A command system would have to be the first priority in the management and the mitigation of the emergency.
One would need to remember that an Incident Command System does not exist in isolation, but needs to be seen as part of the brigades overall organisational system for managing risk. The command system would consist of the emergency services including the medical services, the fire departments, local authorities, and environmental agencies would be involved. The Incident Command System is based on five functions-Command, Planning, Operations, Logistics, and Finance/Administration (Bice and Brown, 2007). Figure 1: Command StructureSource: Journal of CBR and Med DefenseSpecific measures to handle the incidents involving the chemical WMD would automatically have be integrated into existing hospital emergency preparedness plans.
Medical monitoring is the on-the-scene evaluation of response personnel who maybe experiencing adverse effects because of exposure to the chemical. Responders, every individual that goes on the scene of the event would need to have undergone pre-entry health screening before they could be allowed to don a level of chemical protective equipment (Schnepp, 2009). The planning function would be responsible for the collection, evaluation and dissemination of situational information and for the documentation of the Action Plan, consisting of stipulations of inclusion of the things the team learns as part of the Incident Safety Officer’s activities progress.
The Operations function would in turn be responsible for the management of tactical aspects of the emergency operations, like evacuations, risk assessment, taking care of the injured. This is the department that would therefore feature the emergency services and would include functions such as the reduction of immediate threat, saving lives, protecting property, establishment of situational control, and the restoration of pre-incident conditions.