The paper "Managerial Control, Style and Trade Union Relation to WorkChoices Legislation" is a good example of business coursework. There are mainly three types of management control these are autocratic consultative and democratic. The three key ideas of running an organisation are control, strategy and style. Modern business management involves complex labour management issues. Management style and strategy The challenge for the management today is to convert labour potential to productive labour. Friedman (1977) categorised strategy as direct control and responsible autonomy. Direct control is focussed into tight supervision and minimum of industrial discretion.
Responsible autonomy is where workers have status and autonomy and discretion at work. According to Edwards (1979), there are four management control strategies these are Personalised control, Bureaucratic control, Commitment based control and Technical control. The strategy to be adopted by the management depends on various factors like how the particular policy is receipted by the employees whether there is any form of resistance from any specific group and the form of it, the state regulation effective which demarcates length of trading hours, superannuation policy, the minimum age of working and last but not the least on the prevailing market forces i. e.
the competition pressure for in time goods delivery and the quality of goods manufactured or produced. Other than the above strategy Katz and Darbishire (2000) inculcate four types of management strategy which are widely prevalent in the automobile (car) industry worldwide. These are: Low wage pattern in employment used for cost control Human Resource Management pattern is characterised by corporate culture, high wages, teamwork with a tendency to substitute union. Workplace plan influence by Japanese orientation. Joint team-based pattern in which semi-autonomous workgroups are involved, they are subject through ongoing training and development and receive high payment with constructive involvement of unions. After the discussing the different management strategies its time to move towards business-level strategies and their impact towards the labour management it was stated by Porter (1998) that there are three types of business strategies these are: Innovation also called product differentiation strategy Quality improvement or enhancement strategy Cost control or cost reduction strategy. Innovation strategy: In order to successfully implement this strategy there should be close interaction between various groups. Quality Enhancement strategy: To make this strategy a success the first criteria is to assure high participation of employees in the process appraisal is carried on both at individual and group level employees are treated in an unbiased, equitable and democratic manner. Cost minimisation strategy: In this strategy, the job description is rigid and categorical.
The scope for the mauver in the job is limited and the job is of a specialised type. There are basically two-dimension individualism and collectivism of behaviour of management. These behaviour leads to six styles of management, sophisticated, paternalistic, traditional, bargained constitutional, modern paternalistic, sophisticated consultative. Individualism gives emphasis on nurturing the individual employees. Collectivism emphasises on group participation of employees and the approbation of employee representation by the management.
The major difference between policy and style is that the former is what the firm does and the latter signifies how it is done. Amongst the managerial style under unitarian or non-collective style, sophisticated human relation, paternalistic, tradition are included.