The paper “ Apple Inc – the Way Leadership Has Changed within Globalized Environment” is a sage example of the case study on management. Globalization has been an issue that has affected leadership in a great way. The growth of the information technology sector has made it possible for businesses to be conducted on a global perspective which is different from the local. Using information technology, business communication can be made in seconds. The cost of moving goods from one continent to another has also been reduced and enhanced. Managers have been forced to learn how to survive in the globalized business era.
This is due to the challenges and changes that have been brought by globalization. These challenges are; working in different time zones, ever-changing technology, the complexity of the business operation, and working in a multi-cultural environment. The businesses have changed into knowledge-based business which has made them act locally and think globally. Global trading started when transport enabled people to move from one nation to another. The competition now comes from worldwide competitors, unlike the times when the business owners’ main cause of worry was their neighboring businesses.
Organizations have been forced to change their form of leadership from local leadership to a global level. This has been done by teaching their leaders on the required skills to handle different cultures and personalities that come with globalization (Avolio, 2007). This essay will look into the ways in which leadership has changed in the context of a globalized environment over time. This will be achieved by looking into notes, related research, and the leadership and communication of Steve Jobs who was the CEO at Apple computers Inc.
Steve Jobs is one of the most admired global business leaders due to the transformations he did at Apple Inc. making it excel as a global organization. Individual and Collective Approach LeadershipLeadership has changed from being a person’ s position which was based on individual approach into a collective approach (Bennis & Thomas, 2002). The collective approach looks at leadership as a process in which the whole organization takes part in decision making.
Avolio, B. J. (2007). Promoting more integrative strategies for leadership theory-building. American Psychologist, 62, 25-33.
Bennis, W. G. & Thomas, R. J. (2002). Geeks and geezers: How era, values, and defining
moments shape leaders. Boston: Harvard Business School.
Conger, J. A. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.). (2007). The practice of leadership: Developing the next
generation of leaders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Daft, RL and Pirola-Merlo, A. (2009). The Leadership experience. Asia Pacific Edition, Cengage Learning, South Melbourne.
Dalglish, C. and Miller, P. (2010). Leadership: Understanding its Global Impact. Tilde University Press (Palgrave Macmillan), Melbourne.
Dent, E. B., Higgins, M. E. & Wharff, D. M. (2005). Spirituality and leadership: An empirical review of definitions, distinctions, and embedded assumptions. The Leadership
Quarterly, 16(5), 625-653.
Dotlich, D. L., Noel, J. L. & Walker, N. (2004). Leadership passages: The personal and professional transitions that make or break a leader. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Dubrin, A, Dalglish, C and Miller, P (2006). Leadership: An Australasian Focus, 2nd
Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Milton.
Hoha, A. (2001), in Ginn, C. (ed) in Leadership, type, and culture: Perspectives from across the Globe, Centre for Applications of Psychological Type, Gainesville, Florida.
House, R., Hanges, P., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. & Gupta, V. (2004). Culture. Leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Linden, G., Kraemer, K. & Dedrick, J. (2011). Innovation and Job Creation in a Global
Economy: The Case of Apple’s iPod. Journal of International Commerce And Economics, 3 (1): 223-239.