The paper "Leadership and Management within the Context of a Globalized Environment" is an outstanding example of management coursework. Leadership is a complex subject that is defined differently by different people. According to Stogdill (1974), there exists as many leadership definitions as there are individuals who have tried to define it. This is because, leadership is a concept that is open to subjective analysis. Each individual has their own instinctive understanding of leadership depending on their knowledge and experience. Northouse (2004), identifies four themes that are common in the different perceptions of leadership: leadership is a process that involves influence, and occurs in a group context with goals to be achieved.
In other words, it is a process whereby people are influenced by a certain individual to achieve a particular objective. Most leadership definitions reflect the notion that leadership is a social process whereby deliberate influence is applied by an individual (or group) over other individuals (or groups) to shape the activities and interactions in an organisation or institution (Yukl, 2002). In general, leadership is an intricate concept that touches on many organisational, personal and social processes.
It involves inspiring people to work towards achieving certain goals through motivation and not coercion. Leadership and Management Management and leadership are regularly used interchangeably, however, they are two distinct and complementary concepts. According to Yukl (2010), managers are concerned with stability while leaders are concerned with innovation; managers have people do things more proficiently, whereas leaders engage people in deciding and agreeing about the things that should be done. Managers are people appointed officially to hold certain authoritative positions in institutions or organizations. They facilitate others to perform their tasks and are answerable to higher authorities for results.
Primarily, different levels of managers vary in the degrees of power and the range of their accountability. Some philosophers and academicians differentiate leaders and managers, based on the belief that management involves a lot of caretaking and maintenance of status quo (thus it is transactional), while, leadership is visionary and dynamical (thus transformational) (Burke & Friedman, 2011). Leadership is a management skill and as leaders, managers influence followers to realize certain objectives because they possess power and authority.
Burke, E. and Friedman, H. (2011). Essentials of Management and Leadership in Public Health. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett Learning
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Northouse, G. (2004). Leadership: Theory and Practice (3rd Edition). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
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Stogdill, M. (1974). Handbook of Leadership: A Survey of Theory and Research. New York: Free Press.
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Yukl, G. (2006). Leadership in Organizations (6th Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Yukl, G. (2010). Leadership in organizations (7th Edition.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall