Essays on The Role that Attitude Plays in Organizations Report

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The paper "The Role that Attitude Plays in Organizations" is a great example of a report on management. Basically, attitude can be defined as the degree of like or dislike towards something or someone. A person’ s attitude towards something or someone can either be positive or negative. Attitude can also be defined as the degree of negative or positive affect towards a psychological object. A psychological object may refer to a person, object, institution, phrase, symbol, idea, or ideal. In psychology, the term feeling or effect is commonly associated with attitude therefore, a person who has associated a positive feeling or affect with a psychological object is said to have a favorable attitude or positive attitude towards that object (Edwards 1983).

A number of studies depict that there is a close link between attitude and behavior. Other studies show that attitude plays a great role in determining the performance of organizations. This paper seeks to discuss what is meant by attitude. It will examine the relationship between attitudes and behavior. Moreover, this paper will depict the role that attitude plays in organizations. Attitude Defined Commonly, the term “ attitude” is used to describe a psychological state that predisposes individuals to act unfavorably or favorably to a person, situation, or event.

This point of view implies that the definition of attitude has various components and is restrictive in nature. Nevertheless, many researchers and theorists have provided different definitions of attitude. Renkema (2004) observes attitude as an evaluation that an individual holds with regards to themselves, others, issues, and objects. According to Eagly and Chaiken (1993), attitude is a psychological tendency that is often expressed by assessing a specific entity with some degree of disfavor or favor.

This definition incorporates the key aspects of attitude namely; entity, tendency, and evaluation. This understanding of attitude differentiates between the inner tendency which makes up attitude and the evaluative responses which express attitude (Eagly & Chaiken 1993). Allport (1954), described the attitude as a mental state of readiness that is organized through experience and exerting a directive influence on a person’ s response to objects and situations that are related. Several theorists have consistently proposed that there are three main components of attitude namely, cognition, conation, and affect.

References

Ajzen, I. , 1991, The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, pp. 179-211.

Allport, G., 1954, The nature of prejudice, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, p.810.

Eagly, A. & Chaiken, S., 1993, The Psychology of Attitudes, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Texas, p.1.

Edwards, A., 1983, Techniques of attitude scale construction, Ardent Media, New York, p. 2.

Glenn, S., 2009, A kick in the attitude: An energizing approach to recharge your team and life, John Wiley and Sons, New York, p.20.

Horne, M., 1985, Attitude towards handicapped students: professional, peer and parent reactions, Routledge, New York, p.2.

Kasluvan, S., 2003, Managing employee attitudes and behaviors in the tourism and hospitality industry, Nova Publishers, New York, pp.25-28.

Renkema, J., 2004, Introduction to discourse studies, John Benjamins Publishing Company, Amsterdam, p.208.

Travis, C. & Wade, C., 2000, Psychology, Prentice Hall, New York, p. 275.

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