The paper “ The Importance of Crowd Control in Evacuation” is a comprehensive example of the essay on management. The movement of a large number of people is critical when evacuating individuals from a building in an emergency. In a large crowd, there is a high risk of injury and even death due to the massive forces that are exerted on a single person by the surrounding crowd. Many cases of overcrowding and crushing during emergency situations have been reported. In a crowded environment, most individuals are injured or killed by the non-adaptive crowd behaviors of the crowd rather than the actual cause of the catastrophe.
Non-adaptive crowd behavior refers to the destructive actions that a crowd may experience in the event of a disaster, for example pushing others out of the way, stampede, knocking others down and stepping on others (Da Silva et al. 2003). Therefore, crowd control is increasingly becoming important in simulating the evacuation of a crowd in emergency situations. This paper will describe the best model in controlling crowds in emergency situations. Understanding the non-adaptive crowd behaviors is critical in the development of appropriate crowd control methods to ensure proper evacuation of people from the building in the event of an emergency (Musse 2000). Depending on the complexity of the emergency, simple or complicated behavior rules can be used to control the crowd.
This paper will develop a ViCrowd model to control the crowd using different types of crowd control methods. This will involve creating a programmed, autonomous, and guided control crowd (Garat et al. 1999). Developing a programmed crowd involves establishing pre-defined behaviors that individuals are supposed to exhibit in case of an emergency.
Creating an autonomous crowd involves defining behavior rules that are coming up with rule-based behaviors. Developing a guided crowd involves providing external control to guide crowd behaviors. These three ways of behavior control in-crowd must be used in combination for effective evacuation of the crowd during emergency situations. The guided method of crowd control reduces the average escape time and increases the chances of survival of individuals during an emergency situation.
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