E-learningExecutive summary The world is changing at a lightning speed due to the growth and advancement in technology. This advancement has led to introduction of e-learning system in all levels of academics. This report brings out the broad definition of e-learning as a method of delivering education and sharing information among learners and their tutors, as well as clearly identifying the merits and demerits of adopting e-learning as a communication means schools; this will lead to the comparison between e-learning and the traditional methods of teaching. As it is evident technology advancement is inevitable in today’s world; this calls for a collaborative approach to make use of e-learning though it has to be combined with the traditional teaching method.
Advantages of e-learning are surpasses the disadvantages making it a viable option to many schools. Introduction As Keith and Alex (2007) confirms, there is no universally acceptable definition of the term e-learning as it is a broad concept; however, e learning covers a wide range of materials used to transfer information from the instructor to the student. E-learning can be described as a means of transferring information through the Information Communication Technology; this can either be through, local area network, internet.
E-learning includes web based training; computer based training, Electronic performance system as well as distance learning plus online tutorials. The basic idea here is to understand that for you to make advantage of using e-learning one must have a computer. On the other hand traditional teaching method is mostly teacher oriented whereby a teacher and a learner interact directly in a classroom. This method is considered book oriented. Both the e-learning and traditional learning systems have the merits and demerits regarding the quality of education, the success of the teaching method, and the relation between the tutor, trainer and the learner.
These disadvantages and the advantages are discussed below. E-learning To begin with as -learning is a broad term that includes a number of training methods and Modes; it is mainly divided into two parts. The first one is the asynchronous learning and synchronous learning. Asynchronous e-learning is an approach which is learners centered unlike the teacher centered approach whereby a teacher interacts directly in a class with the learners.
Asynchronous e-learning is mainly delivered through computer- based training, wikis, discussion boards, blog site. Many asynchronous e-learning may provide live facilitator to support the student. On the other hand synchronous e-learning, is tutor –led online learning as it involves an interaction between a learner and a student within a time which is preset, mainly through the use of web based conferencing. Listed below are the merits and demerits of the e-learning systems that should be put into consideration before implementing an e-learning system in the school (Elisabeth and Daring, 2001)The comparison of e-learning and the traditional teaching method According to Karen (2007), e-learning is considered efficient as it makes use of the available resources such as computers to offer training and communicate to many learners.
After initial expenses of providing internet, computers and other technological equipment involved in delivering e-learning has been invested, the other cost involved later is so minimal. It has been argued that e-learning reduces the cost especially on the instructor’s costs, travelling cost, expenses for travelling to the schools.
It also saves on the amount of time spent as when a tutor does not get involved in other activities so as to attend a classroom lesson. This is not the case in traditional teaching method as a teacher has to come to class on regular basis, spending more time which could be valuable or productive somewhere else, may be in the office; there is spending huge sums of money in printing and writing course work materials. E-learning is globally consistent; there is distribution of work as one can as well work from home.
The Universality nature of e-learning helps in eliminating tutors who are not competent as it offers chances to top instructors across the boarders; it is also provides mechanisms to track the attendance, completion as well as the average time a student spends on a specific course work. A student can learn from home if there is availability of computer and internet; this saves time for the student, as he or she does not need to walk or drive to school. E-learning materials are accessible 24 hours in a day, it is therefore, convenient for the students who work part time as they can complete assignments, get night tutorials at their convenience On the other hand traditional teaching method is only applicable in a particular class only when a teacher attends the class, Incase a teacher fails to turn up, and the day might end up being wasted.