Essays on The Strategy of Evacuation from Earthquake Affected Area Research Paper

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The paper 'The Strategy of Evacuation from Earthquake Affected Area' is a good example of an Environmental Studies Research Paper. The research conducted by Robert Olson for evacuation awareness in earthquake-prone areas and to recognize the outlay for cost-effective methods to develop evacuation attentiveness. The research conducted by Benjamin Wisner, on people’ s susceptibility to natural disasters. The research conducted by Adams R. and Spence R. on the devastation caused by the earthquake. Abstract   The most terrifying and devastating occurrence in nature is undeniably an earthquake. An earthquake is shivering of the earth with huge force, resultant of the strain released which was accumulated in the earth for a long time.

Earthquakes result in huge damages and loss of lives. Vigorous shaking of earth leads to collapsing buildings, tidal waves, and fire eruptions. During an earthquake, the strategy adopted for the evacuation from the affected place can make a difference in life and death for people. There are various factors that need to be taken into consideration for establishing the effectiveness of the evaluation methods. These factors include the intensity of the earthquake, the distance from the epicenter, the geography of the area, and the immediate aftermaths of earthquakes.

The immediate aftereffects of an earthquake can result in a fire or the damages caused due to the building collapsing. The strategy for evacuating patients from hospital or children from school is entirely different and need special deliberation considering the special requirements of the invalids and the children. Keeping these factors while formulating the strategies for evacuation will definitely lead to a successful evacuation. The human needs to be extra careful to combat this wrath of nature.

Earthquakes tops on the list of the natural disaster known to humans as of today, a large extent of people globally faces the wrath of an earthquake every year but still treats it extremely due to this lack of awareness serious losses of human lives occur which can be avoided if they are provided with the emergency guidelines of what steps need to be taken throughout the earthquake and remedies past an earthquake. Raising of Earthquake resistant structures is one of the basic needs to prevent human loss during an earthquake.

To reduce the sociological impacts and humanitarian loss from disasters such as earthquakes, proper knowledge is the solitary most excellent means that can aid human beings to survive and reduce losses from earthquakes. Introduction   Aggressive shivering of land due to the release of gases in the form of high pressurized energy from the earth's crust is known as EARTHQUAKE. Usually, landslides and volcano eruptions are generated from earthquakes. Earthquakes caused due to the movement and warping of earth's crust are addressed as “ Tectonic Earthquakes” . The geosphere of the earth consists of several interlocked crustal plates persistently moving due to the slow eruption of gases and heat coming out from the earth’ s mantle & core.

A geological timescale is used to calculate the time of the plate’ s movement over another plate. When the geological timescale is raised and a fault occurs in these plates interlocking habit resulting in the jammed plate, the slow but continuous eruption of heat & gases begin to congregate underneath the defective plate and converts into an immense quantity of energy turned into seismic waves got erupted dis-balancing the plate’ s position creating cracks and landslides on the earth surface.

According to geologists, 90% of collective energy underneath the plate is used to crack the plate for eruption turning into enormous heat due to the resistance while only 10 % of that energy converts into Seismic waves erupting onto the surface. The heat generated by this process remains in the earth itself which is the main cause for the rise in temperature of the earth. Earthquake magnitude is calculated on the basis of data analyses collected by recording the flow of seismic energy.

Bibliography

Berlin, G. L. (1980). In Earthquakes and the Urban Environment, Vol. 1.

Dowrick, D. J. Earthquake Risk Reduction .

elizabeth, S. Richter's Scale: Measure of an Earthquake, Measure of a Man .

http://earthquake.usgs.gov. (n.d.).

Olson, R. In s. ,. Brian Cowan, Directory of Northridge Earthquake Research .

R., A. R. (1999). Natural disaster management.

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