The paper "Progress Made by Developing Countries in Achieving Millennium Development Goals" is a perfect example of a macro and microeconomic case study. Humanity, especially those residing in developing nations are faced with a myriad of development challenges and vulnerabilities associated with underdevelopment and poverty traps (Sanga, 2011, p. 105). To overcome such challenges, Millennium Development Goals, which constitute a global consensus on basic conditions required to enhance the lives and prospects of the world’ s poorest individuals was initiated (Muñ oz, 2008, p. 1). The aim of this paper is to assess progress made by developing countries – in particular, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in achieving the millennium development goals adopted by the UN General Assembly.
This assessment is measured against eight-millennium goals for 2015. Additionally, in the event where there is a clear difference, the paper outlines the rationale of why such differences exist. 2.0 Measurement Parameters As the reference point for establishing the progress made by Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in achieving the millennium development goals adopted by the UN General Assembly, the paper relies on UN Millennium Development Goals for 2015 and the eighteen targets under the goals.
Muñ oz (2008, p. 2) identifies these goals as including the eradication of extreme poverty & hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote gender equality & empower women; reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development (for expanded description on UN Millennium Development Goals for 2015 and the eighteen targets see appendix 1) (Bhattacharya et al, 2013). 3.0 Review of Progress 3.1 Bangladesh 3.1.1 Attainment of MDG Goals Bangladesh ranks second as the country on the course of attaining MDGS goals by 2015 (2013, p. 22). UNDP (2013, p. 3); Sayem, Nury & Hossain (2011, p. 92), Chowdhury et al.
(2011, p. 36) established that Bangladesh has made tremendous growth in attaining Millennium Development Goals especially goal 4 and 5a. On the other hand, Keane et al. (2010, p. 1) observes that the country is on the course of attaining goal one especially hunger, but with the exception of rural poverty. They are on course for goal 2 on primary enrolment but can fail in completion rate. The same can be said of goals 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7, but not for goal 5 on maternal health and goal 8 (Bhattacharya et al, 2013).
Bhattacharya, D., Khan, T. I., Salma, U., & Uddin, G. J. (2013). Attaining the MDGs: How successful are the LDCs? Presented at a dialogue organised by Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) in partnership with Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) held in Dhaka on 21 September 2013.
Chowdhury, S., Banu, L. A., Chowdhury, T. A., Rubayet, S., & Khatoon, S. (2011). Achieving Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in Bangladesh. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 118(s2), 36-46.
Keane, J., Kennan, J., Cali, M., & Massa, I. (2010). Case Study for the MDG Gap Task Force Report.
Muñoz, E. (2008). The Millennium Development Goals: Reason for Hope, Call to Action. Brief paper, Bread for the World Institute.
National Council for Economic Development (2010). Millennium Development Goals Country Report 2008/09: Sri Lanka. Available at: http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Sri%20Lanka/Sri_Lanka_MDG_2008-2009.pdf.
Sanga, D. (2011). The challenges of monitoring and reporting on the Millennium Development Goals in Africa by 2015 and beyond. Journal statistique africain, 104.
Sayem, A. M., Nury, A. T. M. S., & Hossain, M. D. (2011). Achieving the millennium development goal for under-five mortality in Bangladesh: current status and lessons for issues and challenges for further improvements. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 29(2), 92.
Senanayake, H., Goonewardene, M., Ranatunga, A., Hattotuwa, R., Amarasekera, S., &
Amarasinghe, I. (2011). Achieving millennium development goals 4 and 5 in Sri Lanka. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 118(s2), 78-87.
UNDP (2013). Millennium Development Goals: Bangladesh Progress Report for 2012. Available at: http://www.bd.undp.org/content/dam/bangladesh/docs/MDG/MDG%20Report%202012. pdf.