The paper "Economic Growth in Kenya" is a wonderful example of an assignment on macro and microeconomics. There are two official languages in Kenya English and Kiswahili. However, Kiswahili is more spoken more than English. There are also numerous indigenous languages. Kenya has a large Christian (82.5%) population with Protestants accounting for 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, and others accounting for 11.8%. Christians are followed by Muslims occupying 11.1%, traditionalists occupy 1.6%, others occupy 1.7 %, and those with no religion occupy 2.4%. As of July 2013, Kenya had a population of 44,037,656 (CIA, 2013). Age structure 0 -14 years 42.4% 15-24 years 18.8% 25-54 years 32.4% 55-64 years 3.6% 65 years and over 2.7% Adapted from CIA, 2013 Kenya has a population growth rate of 2.27%.
Its birth rate is 30.08 births/1,000 populations. Kenya has an urban population of 24% of its total population and a rate of urbanization of 4.36% annual rate of change. The dependency ratio in Kenya varies in different groups however; the country has a dependency ratio of 81.5%. Kenya has a low infant mortality rate. Among males, the mortality rate is 46.89 deaths out of 1000 live births.
In addition, among the female, it stands at 37.37 deaths among 1000 live births. The nation has a life expectancy at birth among males that stands at 61.84 years and among females, it is 63.77 years and that of the total population is 63.29 years. Kenya has a total fertility rate of 3.76 children born/women. Kenya spends 4.5% of its GDP on health. Kenya spends 6.7% of its GDP on education. Has a literacy level of 87.4%. It has a school life expectancy of 11 years. Kenya is located in Eastern Africa and it borders the Indian Ocean between Tanzania and Somalia.
It has a total area of 580,367 sq km with land covering 569,140 sq km and water covering 11,227 sq km. its climates vary from tropical climate along the coast to arid in the interior. The country is endowed with numerous natural resources, for instance, salt, soda ash, zinc, gemstones, fluorspar, gypsum, diatomite, hydropower as well as wildlife. There are a number of environmental issues that are currently facing Kenya, for instance, water pollution, degradation of water quality, hazardous wastes, water hyacinth in Lake Victoria, soil erosion, deforestation, poaching, and desertification.
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