Essays on Effective Leadership in Different Areas Literature review

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper “ Effective Leadership in Different Areas” is a meaningful variant of the literature review on human resources. Effective leadership is vital for all organizations to succeed, and great leaders are at all times significantly examining means wherein they can improve their abilities so as to realize a range of organizational goals (Sperry, 2013). Effectiveness can be described as the ability to generate the needed result, so when something is viewed as effective, it connotes that it has an expected or intended outcome, or generates a profound, stunning impression (Baumü ller, 2007).

Leadership can be defined as a process through which an individual influences other persons (followers) to achieve a goal and directs the organization coherently and cohesively (Rost, 1993). Furthermore, leadership as per Boonstra (2008) can be defined as a social influence process, which capitalizes on others’ efforts, towards achieving a set goal. The key terms utilized in the essay include virtual teams, organization cultures, high performers, and different cultures. A virtual team is a group of persons who work across organizational, time, and space boundaries with connections fortified by communication technology networks.

Organizational cultures can be defined as behaviors and values that result in a unique organization’ s psychological and social environment (Clayden, 2007). In this case, organizational culture consists of the organization's values, philosophy, experiences, as well as expectations that hold it collectively, and is evinced in its self-worth, future expectations, and inner workings (Schein, 2010). Organizational culture is rooted in shared beliefs, customs, attitudes, as well as rules developed in the fullness of time and is measured applicable. High performers are described as workers who are the main contributors, express high performance, are skilled for a wider role within a similar occupation and have attained the potential to be promoted (Gerson, 2006).

Cultures are a combination of so many diverse elements such as language, cuisine, art, history, and scores of other tangible as well as non-tangible features.

References

Appelbaum, S. H., Ritchie, S., & Shapiro, B. T. (1994). Mentoring Revisited: An Organizational Behaviour Construct. International Journal of Career Management, 6(3), 3 - 10 .

Baumüller, M. (2007). Managing Cultural Diversity: An Empirical Examination of Cultural Networks and Organizational Structures as Governance Mechanisms in Multinational Corporations. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

Bell, B. S., & Kozlowski, S. W. (2002). A Typology of Virtual Teams: Implications for Effective Leadership. Group & Organization Management, 27(1), 14 - 49 .

Boonstra, J. (2008). Dynamics of Organizational Change and Learning. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Clayden, S. J. (2007). The Development of Trust in Virtual Teams: An Exploratory Examination of Communication Technologies. Baltimore, Maryland: ProQuest.

Cocks, G. (2009). High performers down under: lessons from Australia's winning companies. Journal of business strategy, 30(4), 17 - 22 .

Dorfman, P. W. (2012). Servant leadership across cultures. Journal of world business, 47(4), 555 - 570 .

Gerson, R. F. (2006). Achieving High Performance: A Research-based Practical Approach. Amherst, Massachusetts: Human Resource Development.

Hellriegel, D., & Slocum, J. (2010). Organizational Behavior. New York: Cengage Learning.

Jawadi, N., Daassi, M., Favier, M., & Kalika, M. (2013). Relationship building in virtual teams: a leadership behavioral complexity perspective. Human systems management, 32(3), 199 - 211 .

Lakshman, C. (2013). Biculturalism and attributional complexity: cross-cultural leadership effectiveness. Journal of international business studies, 44(9), 922 - 940 .

Lussier, R., & Achua, C. (2012). Leadership: Theory, Application, & Skill Development. New York: Cengage Learning.

Malhotra, A., Majchrzak, A., & Rosen, B. (2007). Leading Virtual Teams. Academy of Management Perspectives, 21(1), 60 - 70 .

Mendenhall, M. E., Osland, J., Bird, A., Oddou, G. R., Maznevski, M. L., Stevens, M., & Stahl, G. K. (2013). Global Leadership 2e: Research, Practice, and Development. New York: Routledge.

Northouse, P. G. (2010). Leadership: Theory and Practice. London: SAGE.

Rolfe, P. (2011). Transformational Leadership Theory: What Every Leader Needs to Know. Nurse Leader, 9(2), 54 - 57 .

Rook, C., & Kessler, B. (2013). How Different Cultures Perceive Effective Leadership. INSEAD Articles.

Rost, J. C. (1993). Leadership for the Twenty-first Century. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Scandura, T. A., & Pellegrini, E. K. (2010). Cross-cultural generalizability of paternalistic leadership: an expansion of leader-member exchange theory. Group & organization management, 35(1), 391 - 420 .

Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational Culture and Leadership. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Schriesheim, C. A., Castro, S. L., Zhou, X. (., & DeChurch, L. A. (2006). An investigation of path-goal and transformational leadership theory predictions at the individual level of analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(1), 21 - 38 .

SEDL. (2013). History of Leadership Research. Retrieved from SEDL: http://www.sedl.org/change/leadership/history_of_leadership_research.html

Snow, E. (2010). Leading High Performers: The Ultimate Guide to Being a Fast, Fluid, and Flexible Leader. Bloomington, Indiana: Wordclay.

Sperry, L. (2013). Effective Leadership: Strategies for Maximizing Executive Productivity and Health. New York: Routledge.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us