Week 3 – History and Theories of Emotional IntelligenceWhat are the four branches of the Mayer & Salovey Four Branch Model of Emotional Intelligence? The four branches of emotional intelligence include perceiving emotions, understanding emotions and managing emotions. Perceiving emotions is a model that deals with an individual’s ability to detect his/her emotions as well as the emotions of other people (Salovey & Grewal, 2005). Understanding smotions is a model that deals with person’s ability to understand emotions hidden in the language. Using emotions is the model that deals with an individual’s ability to apply emotional intelligence in problems solving and thinking as a way of harnessing the potential hidden in emotions (Cherniss, 2010).
Managing emotions is a model that deals with an individual’s ability regulate his/her emotions as well as the emotions of other people in order to create a positive interactive environment. Give a brief summary of each of the branches. As stated the sections above, perceiving emotions is the detection of emotions as presented through facial expressions, voice, cultural artefacts and pictures. Perceiving emotions is therefore the basic step in emotional intelligence because the reaction of an individual towards others and himself depends on the perceived emotions (Cherniss, 2010).
For example, a harsh voice can be an indication of bitterness in a person. The second branch of emotional intelligence is using emotions. Using emotions means harnessing emotions in order to facilitate various skills such as problem solving and thinking. For instance, a sad mood (sad emotions) can be used to solve methodical problems while a happy mood can be used to think creatively and innovatively. Understanding emotions means being capable of differentiating between different moods expressed through the voice, facial expressions or even language.
For example, understanding emotions can help differentiate between when a person is happy or sad (Cherniss, 2010). Managing emotions is the most important aspect of emotional intelligence because well managed emotions helps prevent conflicts in the workplace or in any given setting. Being aware of the times when a person can lose control of his/her emotions is vital because it helps in the management of emotions. A politician can also manage the emotions of his/her followers by either delivering a powerful speech full of anger or a less powerful speech full of happiness. From your reading of the article by Mayer, Roberts & Barsade (2008) and the other research discussed in class, why do you think EI may be important for Graduate Employability? Employability can be defined as possession of knowledge, skills, personal attributed and understanding that make a person more likely to secure and choose occupations in which they can be successful and satisfied.
Emotional intelligence is an important consideration in graduate employability because it helps the graduates to keep a fulfilling job characterised by the greatest level of fulfilment. Just like the other essential employability components such as (knowledge and understanding of the study area, generic skills, work experience and life experience, career development and learning), emotional intelligence is an important element because it contributes largely to the overall reflection and evaluation of a graduate.
The evaluation and reflection of the graduate involves aspects such as self-esteem, self-confidence and self-efficacy.