Essays on Australian Employment Relations Literature review

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The paper "Australian Employment Relations " is a great example of a business literature review.   In recent days Australia has witnessed great changes in the employment industrial relation system. Many of these changes are revealed to have been inventive but means in which the ideas have been introduced varies considerably (Conley, 2002, pp. 34). The terms used for instance high commitment, high involvement or high performance; are part of the terms of the system that have continually been used in employee relations. These terms have been imperative in identifying new approaches by many management systems that emphasize the importance of employee level of quality and productivity.

There are survey reports indicating that employees in Australian industrial system feel they are not involved in any discussion of workplace key issues; an element that affects them at work (Latham, 1998, pp. 27). There are cases revealing that employees feel they are often overworked, highly stressed with cases of little or no security. This report seeks to analyze various forms of inequalities at the workplace while revealing the institutional mechanism required in fostering sustainable workplace innovation.

The concern is put on Australian rising inequality to be a case of the unavoidable by-product of liberalism and globalization, considering the Australian government efforts to reduce inequality among its society, in a case where trust is directed broadly on economic open-mindedness. Pierson (2001, pp. 53) in his work argues that there is increasing controversy concerning the measurement of inequality and poverty issues in Australia. For instance, the government has adversely directed its efforts on increasing outward orientation on aspects of economies, a move that undoubtedly focused on achieving low inflation rates in the country.

Pierson further reveals that employment conditions and working conditions are particularly major issues raising concern across all industries in the country. This is in relation to employment inequality. This is done considering its conditions to populations and defines the concept. Both employment and working conditions are different yet to certain aspects are interrelated concepts. Often most employment contracts are not subjected to any formal contract with a high proportion of the total employment in Australia lying in the informal economy. Since employment relation varies in nature both within the formal and the informal sector, an analysis was done by Edwards (2001, pp. 34) reveals that increasing inequality is not to blame in a case poor people as a result of economic forces that have made well-off population within the Australian societies richer.

Other writers such as Taines argue that the Australian rising inequality should not be looked at as a problem for policymakers but rather more of a policy lesson that has to be encouraged in reinstating effective measures to eradicate the widening income inequality among its society.

Policymakers among other authorities within the Australian society have in the past been involved in persuading Australian people into accepting that they are part of the economy (Whitehouse, 2001, pp. 44). This well-elaborated context indicates an agreed embrace of the whole range of new realities (Taines, 2001, pp. 12). This can be pointed out well through embracing trade liberalizing concepts in the Australian economy. The results of this have been tremendous. More specifically, the Australian economy has since improved over a decade. It has been done considering equity of opportunity and treatment, remuneration and citizen’ s access to safety and health as well as equity in association to collaborative employee bargaining.

Imperative still is the balance between men and women at work and at home granting all workers a fair situation without considering gender difference (Pierson, 2001, pp. 78).


Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2001). Income Distribution 1999-2000 (Cat. No. 6523.0). Victoria: Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Borland, J. (n.d.). Earnings Inequality in Australai: Changes, causes and consequences. Economic record , Vol. 75(229) pp. 177-202.

Charlesworth, S. (2007). The Intersections of Gender Equality and Decent Work: Progress and Prospects in Australia. Journal of Industrial Relations .

Conley, T. (2002). Globalisation as Constraint and Opportunity: The Restructuring of the Australian Political Economy. Global Society , 16 (4).

Edwards, p. (2001). The employment relationship and the field of industrial relations. Industral Relations , pp. 2-33.

Kelly, P. (1994). The End of Certainty: Power, Politics and Business in Australia, 2nd Edition. Sydney,: Allen & Unwin.

Latham, M. (1998). Civilising Global Capitalism: New Thinking for Australian Labor. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Pierson, C. (2001). Globalisation and the End of Social Democracy. Australian Journal of Politics and History , 47(4).

Preston, A. a. (2007). Trends in Australia’s Gender Wage Ratio. Journal of Labour and Industry , Vol.18 (2).

Smith, B. (2007). ‘From Wardley to Purvis - How Far has Australian Anti-Discrimination Law Come in 30 Years? Australian Journal of Labour Law , vol. 21.

Strachan, G. a. (2000). W(h)ither Affirmative Action Legislation in Australia? Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies , 5(4) 46.

Taines, C. (2001). Work rich, work poor:Inequality and ecomomic change in Australia.

Whitehouse, G. (2001). Recent Trends in Pay Equity: Beyond the Aggregate Statistics. Journal of Industrial Relations , 43 (1), 66-78.

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