The paper 'How Abu Dhabi Civil Defense Can Reduce Pollution within Abu Dhabi and the Other Emirates" is a perfect example of an environmental studies case study. In this paper, an attempt is to be done to practically show how an environmental management plan could assist Abu Dhabi Civil Defense to reduce pollution within Abu Dhabi and the other Emirates. As such, the bulk of this paper is a discussion of the environmental concerns that beset UAE (particularly Abu Dhabi) and they're corresponding legal and non-legal issues. A cursory mention of the Abu Dhabi Civil Defense is going to be in place precisely because it is the agency that is mandated to meet the growing needs arising from urban expansion and industrial development taking place all over the country, including the environmental impact(s) that the foregoing comes to effect.
Since an environmental management plan is referred to, then, the paper likewise considers the benefits of ISO 14001 and ISO 14004. Environmental Concerns in Abu Dhabi Firstly, we consider the environmental concerns in Abu Dhabi. This is crucial since it will not only justify the need for an environmental management plan but also will provide pointers on the specifics of the subsequent environmental management system (EMS) that is going to be planned for and implemented through the Civil Defense. In this prospect, the Environment Agency of Abu Dhabi is unambiguous.
In its first state of environment report released in 2006, the UAE recognizes the concerns that it has over its groundwater, waste and waste treatment, marine resources, land use, biodiversity, and atmosphere. And, accordingly, these concerns have been made such primarily on account of human activities – a testimony of Abu Dhabi’ s failure to make development and environmental sustainability co-exist. The groundwater table of Abu Dhabi has been significantly lowered because of the uncontrolled drilling of wells occasioned by a sharp increase in the use of water over the last 20 years.
Likewise, it is also being threatened by possible contamination from leaks coming off the landfills of the country. This is because until now waste and waste management in Abu Dhabi are yet to be handled properly, with recycling efforts still remaining at the hand of the private sector observably driven more by economic – note: not a genuine environmental – considerations. The marine resources of Abu Dhabi are also being intimidated into loss, degradation and even fragmentation by physical alterations – e.g. , land reclamation, dredging and putting up of breakwaters – in consonance with urbanization necessitating new and additional roads, among others, and the growth of heavy industries that are said to contribute significantly to algal blooming in coastal waters.
Commonly, fish kills are resultant effects of industrial sewage in the sea waters. The use of land in the country is similarly problematic.
The deserts have already been conquered. Together with the infrastructures for the petrochemical industry, cities are being made to sprawl; artificial recreation areas are being promoted, and the locales for irrigated agriculture and forestry are increased. The negative effect, however, of these developments is the disturbance of the natural balance of the environment. Actually, even the atmosphere has become collateral damage – in a manner of speaking – of development in the country. For one, the Emirates has one of the highest per capita CO2 emission rates in the world, with the oil and gas industry, followed by transportation and power sectors, as the main sources of air pollution.
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Atmosphere, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Biodiversity, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, EAD launches Integrated Environment, Health and Safety Management System for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, 2008 retrieved on 14 December 2008 < http://www.ead.ae/en/?T=4&ID=3586>.
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Ground Water Depletion, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008 < http://www.soe.ae/Abu_Themespage.aspx?m=50&amid=488>.
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Land Use, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Marine Resources, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008
Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, Waste, State of the Environment Abu Dhabi, 2007, retrieved 12 December 2008
International Civil Defense Directory, General Civil Defense Directorate, General Directorate of Civil Defense, retrieved 13 December 2008
Manibo, Medilyn, Survey Reveals Overall Environmental Awareness in Abu Dhabi Stands at 49%, AmeInfo, 2008, retrieved 12 December 2008, < http://www.ameinfo.com/160348.html>.
Smithers Quality Assessments, Benefits of ISO 14001 Certification, A Smither Group Company, 2008, retrieved 12 December 2008, < http://www.smithersregistrar.com/iso14001/page-benefits-iso14001.shtml>.
Wasmer, Rene. Environmental Management: Revision of the ISO 14001 and ISO 14004 Standards, retrieved 12 December 2008, < http://www.sqs.ch/en/news-20040310.pdf>.