Community SafetyFires in High-Rise Temporary HousingFires in Overpopulated Temporary High-Rise HousingSARA METHOD TABLESCANNINGProblem is coming from workers ignorance and neglect of fire safety while cooking. Electrical fires because of workers tampering electrical supplies resulting to short circuit and overloading. Management little or no regard to fire safety regulations. Local authorities and fire departments shortcomings in implementing fire safety legislations. ANALYSISThe problem is occurring because workers do not have fire safety education. Cooking near combustible materials. Altering electrical and supplies because there is insufficient facilities. Overcrowding and management disregard to workers safety. RESPONSEEradicate ignorance through effective fire safety education.
ASSESSMENTFire safety education effectively contribute in reducing fire incidents in the UK Fire and Community SafetyThe total cost of a fire to a community is huge as it includes direct toll of life and injury and the actual financial losses caused by fire. Moreover, it also includes the indirect or consequential effects due to disruption of facilities, loss of trade, employment, anxiety, and inconvenience. Community safety is any form of health promotion including prevention of fires and it works best when coordinated at the local community level.
The term ‘community safety’ also presents a positive goal, rather than merely preventing negative events. In literature, the injury prevention of aspect of community focuses on unintentional injuries caused by vehicular and pedestrian accidents, poisons, falls and fires because safety is recognize as a fundamental right and a basic precondition for individual and community health and well-being, economic and social development, peace and justice, and realization of higher aspirations (Whitzman 2008, p. 13). Our report focus is to identify and effective method to reduce the number of injuries and fatalities because of fires in temporary high-rise housing that are still under construction.
It will discuss and identify the problems using SARA methodology and conclude with an evaluation of fire prevention strategies. SARAH MethodologyHerman Goldstein developed the SARA (scanning, analysis, response, and assessment) method in the early 1990s. SARA involves sets of activities for acquiring knowledge, designing analysis and solution, making decisions and communications (Chu 2001, p. 34). Scanning is normally about observation of more than two incidents of a similar nature that are linked by time, location, and type of disorder.
Analysis on the other hand is evaluation of who, what, when, where, and why incidents happened. Response in SARA is a strategic action plan involving the local authority and the community concern. Assessment is the post-facto assessment of issues. It allows the authorities to re-examine the problem and evaluate various responses and the effectiveness of analytical methods (Leipnik and Albert 2003, p. 128). Scanning“The use or function of a building has considerable influence on fire life safety” (Craighead 2003, p. 10). It is important to ensure that cooking activity is only ever carried out in designated areas in which appropriate automatic detection such as heat detectors and appropriate ventilation measures, have been installed (DOH 2007, p. 10).
However, none of these requirements is present in an overpopulated temporary high-rise housing since it is under construction thus do not have appropriate cooking facilities and fire suppression devices. Fires on residential building mostly occur while cooking and usually a product of human negligence and carelessness. In an overcrowded temporary high-rise housing that are still under construction thus no sufficient facilities available, it is very likely that other workers cook their food outside designated cooking area like living room or bedroom where highly combustible materials are present.
Cooking processes can operate with high temperatures, involving large quantities of oil and combustible foodstuffs. Heat sources used for cooking processes include gas, electric, and microwave. The main causes of fire are ignition of cooking oil, combustion of crumbs and sediment deposits. Cooking processes close to combustible materials can lead to likely ignition and rapid fire spread to other parts of the building (ODPM 2006, p. 44).