Statement of the problemUnited Arab Emirates is an industrial region whose economic activities are contributing to global warming that predisposes climate change. With growth in population, carbon sinks are decreasing as a result of deforestation to create room for urbanization. Changing agricultural practices characterized by use of organic manures and artificial fertilizers is adding greenhouse gases into the air like nitrous oxides, sulphur oxides and methane gas following organic decomposition of organic compounds. Increased emission of methane gas is subject to production of coal, natural gas, use of peat as fuel and uncontrolled catalytic cracking of hydrocarbons.
Lack of procedures and standards in waste management from domestic and industrial refuse and effluents is also contributing to increased methane concentration. Roberts, Reiss and Monger (2000) indicates that overreliance on fossil fuels contributes to increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide in the air. Household and industrial gas use especially cooking gas increases concentration of carbon dioxide and water vapor in the air. Wever (1996) argues that many chemical manufacturing industries lack efficient systems and processes for recycling gases produced as by-products. In other industries, gases like sulphur hexa-chloride is emitted into the atmosphere in trace amounts.
There is wide use of hydroflourocarbons and perflourocarbons in refrigerators and air conditioners. According to federal facilities council report No. 138 (1999) global warming will witness increase in height of oceans and seas and water bodies will claim land that previously was used for human settlement or other economic activities. A change in temperature predisposes changes in world climate and affects the direction of flow of winds. This has an effect of leading into draughts and spondaic rainfall that leaves behind a trail of destruction.
With more penetration of ultra-violet radiations, man is exposed to risks of eye diseases, skin cancer and bouts of infectious diseases. Aquatic life is negatively affected due to interference of the food web main producer planktons. Sheldon (2005) argues that disposal of oil and industrial wastes products into water bodies and failure to treat toxic waste products amounts into both water and soil pollution a factor that will witness many harmful chemical compounds being transferred into food chains since plants, as the primary food producers will absorb the chemical substances and incorporate them into food during photosynthesis.
The balance and equilibrium of aquatic ecosystem is distorted following oil spills as birds of prey that depend on fish cannot fly after their wings are soaked in oil flakes. Use of artificial fertilizers and their subsequent surface runoff into water bodies enriches the water bodies with nutrients and leads into eutrophication. Objectives of environment management studies in United Arab EmiratesTo investigate appropriate environment management plan that could help Abu Dhabi Civil Defense to reduce pollution within Abu Dhabi and other Emirate regions. To evaluate legislative and non-legislative issues that is functions of environment management systemsTo evaluate use of internationally accepted standards for development of environmental management systems and how Abu Dhabi could benefit from adopting ISO 14001 and ISO 14004 requirements standards of ISO 14000 series. Significance of the studies on environment management systems