Task Episodes write up on "product operation management” Introduction The product operation management entails the procedures that are followed when the item is undergoing the manufacturing process, each of which is determined by the type of product being made. The product design and the steps in the production process are determined by the process planning and design of the factory. The process planning engineers determines the functions of each process as well as the plant location and the layout. Material handling procedures and processes used must ensure the most economical use other factors of production.
The product operations management problems vary from one product to another. How to make an axe In the episode How an Axe is made, the interesting aspect of the product operation is that an axe began as a simple sharp-ended stone, but its improvement involved adding a simple handle that made it better by giving the axe much impact. It is interesting that the increased technology has not replaced the use of axe in chopping wood or meat. How it is made begins at as a high quality cylinder, which is subjected t intense heat to make it pliable as it is shaped by a powerful press and it is also pounded to give it a shape.
It is subjected to series of dykes to give it its shape and to cut the extras. It is taken to another stage in which it is placed in another ramp to press it into a shape. They are placed on a revolving rack to cool off. A dozen are put into a tumbler and tossed about with tiny steel pallets to smooth their rugged edges.
The back of the axe is then pressed against the sanding belt and the ides of the edges are pressed to smoothen it. Both sides of the cutting edge are sharpened too. The neck of the axe is also smoothened against a powered sanding belt (Baldur, pp 120). They are then deepened to a special solution heated to harden them, and quench them in warm oil, and the temperature change hardens the axe. Pre-punched leather and wood are assembled to make the handle.
The rings get smaller towards the neck of the axe to give it a customized handle and to give it a grip. An assembly plant is used to insert the lower side of the axe which has been lubricated by wax. The base of the handle is flattened to give it the grip and an abrasive belt is used to shape the leather to make the layers smooth. The ends of the steel are then smoothened using the sanding belt to create a glossy sheen to make the axe good on the job.
How to make Pencils Color pencils come in a variety of shades but the he product process begins with a pigment concentration that determines the quality. The colored pencil does not contain any lead but contains pigments, minerals and binding agents. Colored pencils starts with a combination of pigments every shade has a specific pigment recipe. A large quantity of shade is produced as a batch at a time and to have color recipe, the ingredients are weighed. A specific quantity of water and additives are boiled, a binding agents are added, with waxes and gums are added to it.
The ingredients is mixed with hot water forming a paste, and mixed with the pigment. The next machine mixes the paste into a fine one and intensifies the color and the particles are moved by a conveyor belt and are compressed and are fed into another machine. The paste is compressed into a continuous straight forming a diameter of the pencil lead. The next machines shapes the pencil lead which are bathed into a chemical waxes which coat it with color pigments.
The lead is then subjected to quality test including quality test and durability test to ensure each has one hundred yards of writing. The exterior color is also made like the one of the color inside. The pencil is then branded with the company name and rolled in an abrasive wheel to sharpen them. The pencils are then packaged and inspected for quality (Baldur, pp 140). How to make a Sword A sword is an age-old weapon, producing a medieval sword like that of the knight of the shining armor.
The product operation management of making a sword begins with a piece of high carbon steel is placed in a fixture and a computer guided blade cuts the shape of a sword, with all the specifications of the original. After an hour of carving, a plank of sword emerges. The plank is submerged into a hot liquid soft which eliminates the excesses created by the carvings and the blade is then plunged into a cooling liquid in a process called quenching, which is interesting due to the sudden change of temperature.
A belt grinder is used to give the blade its shape and to sharpen its ages. To test its strength they strike a metal barrel with it but the sword never chip. The sword guard is then shaped and the smoothened against a sand belt to make the final blade smooth (Baldur, pp, 156). Conclusion The process of making each item involves a series of processes and procedures which are undertaken to move the item from the raw material to the stage when it is a final product.
The production process approached through the most appropriate planning process to ensure smooth flow of production processes so that bottlenecks are avoided in the production process. Work Cited Baldur, Raj. Production and Operation Management. New Delhi: Book Enclave, 2008.