The paper 'The Key Benefits of Leisure' is a great example of a Management Literature Review. Leisure is defined as a state of being free to enjoy activities outside of work (Parr & Lashua, 2004). It is an activity wherein an individual freely participate to relax, diverse, or broaden his knowledge and ability for social participation (Dumazedier, 1974, cited in Veal, 1992, p. 3). It has been touted by several authors as beneficial to a person’ s physical, psychological, spiritual, social, and even economic well being (Coleman & Iso-Ahola, 1993).
This essay argues that such benefits of leisure are feasible even in today’ s modern society. It will discuss each of the five key benefits of leisure and provide evidence from the literature on how such benefits are within the reach of every person living in modern society. Physical benefitsA lot of literature directly linked low levels of physical fitness to diseases and death due to inactive lifestyles (Bezner, Adams & Whistler, 1999). Thus, the United States Department of Health and Human Services (cited in Bezner et al, 1999, p. 130) strongly recommended regular physical activity to improve health.
Physical activity is something that an individual chooses to do during his free time as a way to relax or be leisurely. In doing so, he is in the process of improving his physical well being in the long run. Thus, regular exercise contributes significantly to improve one’ s health. Walking, swimming, bicycling, endurance games, and other physical activities that exercise one’ s body was recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine 3 to 5 times a week at an intensity of 20 to 60 minutes a day (Bezner et al, 1999). A study conducted by Bezner et al (1999) revealed that persons with the most leisure time activity or the ones who mostly enjoy doing their physical exercises or activities have perceived the highest physical as well as psychological well being compared to persons with sedentary lifestyles (p.
135). This only proved that leisure yielded physical benefits in the form of improved physical well being. However, the results implied that higher physical activity should be incorporated into the everyday activities of people which means that there is no need to go outside of our everyday activities to find leisure in doing physical activities or exercises.
Walking and doing household chores are regular activities conducted by every person on a day to day basis can be looked at as another form of exercise to promote physical well-being.
Australia’s Health (2006) Determinants of Health.
Bezner, J., Adams, T. & Whistler, L. (1999) The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Indicators of Perceived Wellness. American Journal of Health Studies 15(3) 130-138
Coleman, D. & Iso-Ahola, S.E.(1993) Leisure and Health: The Role of Social Support and Self Determination. Journal of Leisure Research 25(2) 111-128.
Cortis, N., Sawrikar, P., & Muir, K. (2007) Participation in Sports and Recreation by Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Women. Australian Government Office for Women, Department of Families, Community Service and Indigenous Affairs.
Heintzman, P. & Mannel, R. (2003) Spiritual Functions of Leisure and Spiritual Well-Being: Coping with Time Pressure. Leisure Sciences, 25, 207-230
Jackson, E. (2006) Leisure and the Quality of Life: Impacts on Social, Economic and Cultural Development. World Leisure Consensus Symposium, Hangzhou, China.
Molitor, G.T.T.(2008) Oncoming Leisure Era: How We Are Getting There, Journal of Future Studies, 12(3) 109-120.
Parr, M.G. & Lashua, B.D. (2004) What is Leisure: The Perceptions of Recreation Practitioners and Others, Leisure Sciences, 26, 1-17
Pedersen, S. & Seidman, E. (2004) Team Sports Achievement and Self-Esteem Development Among Urban Adolescent Girls. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28, 412-422.
Research Markets Report (2009) Research and Markets: Leisure Outside the Home Market Report: Consumer Spending on Leisure in..., Business Wire (Internet) Updated on 20 March 2009. Accessed from website http://www.allbusiness.com/food-beverage/restaurants-food-service-drinking-places/11818859-1.html on 2 June 2009
Schmidt, C. (2005) Being, Becoming and Belonging: The Phenomenological Essence of Spiritual Leisure Experiences. Department of Tourism, Leisure and Sports Management, Griffith University
Stebbins, R. (2004). Fun, Enjoyable, Satisfying, Fulfilling: Describing Positive Leisure Experience. LSA Newsletter (69) 8-11.
Veal, A.J. (1992) Definition of Leisure and Recreation, Australian Journal of Leisure and Recreation, 2(4) 44-48, 52