Essays on What the 21st Century Managers Can Learn from the 20th Century Concepts and Theories Coursework

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The paper "What the 21st Century Managers Can Learn from the 20th Century Concepts and Theories" is a perfect example of management coursework.   Management is vital for the success of every institution. It is therefore important that proper management skills are practiced so as to ensure that the company is successful. Important management skills include; good communication skills, leadership skills, the ability to work as a team, decisiveness, professionalism, tactfulness, effective listener, among other traits. Management is, however, a tedious task. Managers face various challenges. Every organization is set up with the aim of achieving certain goals.

Whether the company’ s aim is to perform a business process, developing a new product, getting new customers or supporting some other organization, the manager is faced with the challenge of how to use the resources available in the organization as well as the staff to achieve the objectives set. The manager is faced with the challenge of motivating the people; remove potential roadblocks from the path that would lead to the success of the organization while focusing on things that are most important for the organization. Another challenge faced by managers is the desire to bring out the best in their employee.

Employees have bad days, but it is the duty of the manager to ensure that the employees get to have many good days. Having happy employees means that they will remain motivated. For employees to remain happy, it is important that they are treated with respect. Criticism should be done in private while praise should be done in front of other employees. Praise should be done more than criticism. The manager is also faced with the challenge of helping employees achieve their personal goals, keeping communication channels opens in order to know where problems lie and what can be done to improve the situations at the organization. Dealing with outstanding employees and underperforming employees can also pose a challenge to the manager.

The manager has to work towards ensuring that the over-performing employee is appreciated and gets special treatment. The manager may need to help the over-performing employees get better positions in other organizations if their prowess is above the capacity of the organization. The manager might need to keep encouraging the employee so as to ensure they maintain their exceptional performance.

Since not all employees do their best, the underperforming ones will eventually affect the company negatively since they will often underperform and lead to either a bad reputation for the company or losses. Often, the underperformance might be as a result of personal issues and it extends to affect the company. The manager should be able to take the employee through counseling and to motivate them to improve on their performance.

If the employee doesn’ t improve on their performance, the manager might have to decide on whether to let them go since their incompetence might eventually affect the organization. Hiring the right people to work for the organization can be a challenge as well. Regardless of whether the organization keeps its staff happy, there will always be employee turnover. Conventional interviews, although important, do not bring out the true potential of the interviewees and the manager might be faced with the challenge of devising other ways to determine whether the interviewees are best suited to work for the organization.

The manager might ask the interviewee’ s current employer about their performance, or give them an opportunity to work with other members of the organization and see how the interviewee would fit in. hiring a new employee is one of the hardest tasks of a manager.


Drucker, P. F. (2007). Management challenges for the 21st century. Routledge.
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