The paper "Theories of Employee Behavior and Motivation" is a great example of management coursework. Employee behavior refers to the reaction of employees to certain situations in the workplace. Employees need to feel motivated in order to produce the best in their work as well as create a healthy culture at work (Philips, 2011) not all employees are able to handle workplace stress or stress from personal issues in the appropriate manner. Some face it with a smile while others are not able to handle stress. Certain behaviors at work are not professional like shouting to fellow employees or spreading rumors.
It is important for employees to realize that they should not share information with third parties. This paper seeks to enlighten managers on how to motivate employees in an organization. It achieves this by analyzing certain motivational theories. These theories focus on how to motivate workers using various ways apart from money motivators. The paper analyzes four main motivational theories which include Maslow’ s hierarchy needs or the need-fulfilment, expectancy theory, reinforcement theory and justice theory. It analyzes how the theories influence compensation policies in modern organizations.
Content theories explain how individual needs of employees differ from group employee needs. There are both external and internal factors that tend to affect the behavior of employees in an organization. Some extrinsic factors include relationships, work conditions, pay and job context. Intrinsic factors include skill variety, task variety, autonomy, task significance and feedback among others. Certain things act as motivators to employees like growth, achievement, responsibility, power and recognition. Below are the motivational theories in details and how they impact on the behavior of employees in modern organizations. Maslow’ s hierarchy of needs A psychologist is known as Abraham Maslow who made an assumption that people get motivation by certain unmet needs (Petherick 2009) developed the theory.
Abraham explains that when the need for an individual is not met, he or she feels driven or motivated to meet that need. Maslow defines needs that motivate people to achieve into five categories. The first category is the physiological needs which are essential for survival like food, shelter, sex and water. This category looks at the basic needs of people who are very crucial.
The other category is security needs which are a category that keeps people from harm. In modern society, examples of security needs include medical checkups, a house in a safe neighborhood and insurance. The third category is the social needs which include the desire for companionship, friendship and for love. Most people seek to satisfy through various ways like the time they spend with friends, co-workers and family. The fourth category according to Maslow is the esteem needs. This includes needs for respect for others and self-esteem needs (Flora, 2012).
The needs can be achieved through praise and acceptance. The last category is the self-actualization needs. They explain the desire to live up to an individual’ s full potential. People who want to achieve this will ensure that they do their best both at home and in their workplace so that they develop spiritually, physically and mentally (Petherick 2009). These needs have a hierarchical arrangement where the most basic needs are at the bottom of this hierarchy. Individuals tend to satisfy the most basic needs at the bottom before satisfying those at the top.
Individuals rely on their jobs in order to satisfy their needs.