The paper “ Managing Successful Organizational Change” is an engrossing example of the literature review on management. This review candidly examines the empirical and theoretical literature on organizational change for the period 2000 to 2011. The research themes which will be discussed in this review include the change management skills. The literature review will determine what skills an individual change leader would require to enable that changing leader to take part in change management programs in different contexts and develop new ways of approaching organizational change. In addition, the review will identify skills that directly transfer across those contexts and also identify skills that are required – if any- but are not evident in the literature.
A viable conclusion will also be offered and it will focus on general observations. As pointed out by Stewart (2003) organizational change is the adjustment that is done to an organization’ s culture, structure, technology, environment, or people. Organizational change is usually stimulated mainly by an external force such as reduced market opportunities, significant cuts in funding as well as huge increases in the services. According to Filicetti (2007), for organizations to evolve to different levels in their life cycle, they typically need to undertake strategic or structural and technical shifts in the organization.
Organizations are rapidly changing as a result of the dealings that affect their status quo for instance organizational restructuring, process improvements, as well as the introduction of new skills and machinery. However, despite organizations recognizing that change is required, acquiring the management or leadership skills that are important to attaining the desired goals has proved to be difficult. Moreover, organizational change does not just occur.
It requires that the organization has an initiative that has a direction, very clear goals, good leadership as well as an effective and timely communication that informs the stakeholders the reason for the change, the benefits to be accrued from successful implementation and a detailed report for the change (McKinsey & Company, 2006).
Axelrod, R H. 2000. Terms of Engagement: Changing the Way We Change Organizations. London: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Clark, T R. 2008. EPIC Change: How to Lead Change in the Global Age. New York: Jossey-Bass.
Harvard Business School. 2006. Harvard Business Review on Leading through Change. Harvard: Harvard Business Press.
Kotter, J P., and Cohen, D S. 2002. The Heart of Change: Real-Life Stories of How People Change Their Organizations. Harvard: Harvard Business Press.
Lawler, E., and Worley, C P. 2006, Built to Change: How to Achieve Sustained Organizational Effectiveness. New York: Jossey-Bass.
Fernandez, S. and, Rainey, H G. 2006. Managing successful organizational change in the public sector: And agenda for research and practice. Public Administration Review, March/April 2006, Vol.66, No.2.
Filicetti, John (August 20, 2007). Project Management Dictionary. PM Hut. http://www.pmhut.com/pmo-and-project-management-dictionary. [Accessed July 31, 2011].
Gilley, A. 2005. The Manager as Change Leader. Praeger.
Hiatt, J. The definition and history of change management. http://www.change-management.com/tutorial-definition-history.htm [Accessed July 31, 2011].
Lawler III, Edward E. & Worley, C.G, 2006. Winning Support for Organizational Change: Designing employee reward system that keeps on working." Ivey Business Journal Online.
Marsh, C. 2001. Degrees of Change – Resistance or Resilience in Performance Improvement, Vol.40 No.3, 29-33.
McKinsey & Company, 2006. Organizing for Successful Change Management. The McKinsey Quarterly.
Murray, A, and Kent G. 2006. The Enterprise of the Future. KMWorld. .
Pitts, DW., and Fernandez, S. 2006. Under what conditions do public managers favour and pursue organizational change?, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Research Paper Series, Working Paper 06-19, March 2006.
Schneider, D. 2006. It's a Leader's Duty to Manage Change. Business Record (Des Moines).
Schraeder, M. Swamidass, M P. & Morrison, R. 2006. Employee Involvement, Attitudes and Reactions to Technology Changes." Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. Spring.
Senge, P. 2006. Systems Citizenship: The Leadership Mandate for This Millennium’ in Leader to Leader, Special 10th Anniversary Issue, No. 41.
Sorengfrei, M. and Wrigley, R. 2005. Building Analytical and Adaptive Capacities for Organizational Effectiveness, Praxis paper 7, December 2005, INTRAC.
Stewart, J. and Kringas, P. 2003, Change Management – Strategy and Values in Six Agencies from the Australian Public Service’ Public Administration Review vol.63 No.6, 675-688.
Wallington, PM. April 2000. Making Change. CIO.
Wischenvsky, J. D and Fariborz, D. 2006. Organizational Transformation and Performance: An examination of three perspectives." Journal of Managerial Issues. Spring.