The paper 'Management Theory Issues' is a perfect example of a Management Essay. The management philosophy applied in this scenario allows leaders to make important decisions without allowing the workers to take part. The autocratic or authoritarian style of management is the one that portrays the scenery which has been discussed in the statement. The workers want to be pushed before they do something constructive to the organization. This statement indicates that the subjects under management are used to being supervised before they do the right thing. In the absence of the authority, students drag their feet and feign stupidity, workers start rumors and engage in vandalism, and slaves ridicule and grumble.
There are various management philosophies and management approaches that are used in the organization in running their affairs (Tittemore, 2003). Delegative approach to management can be applied where the employees possess the desired skills that require little or no supervision during their work duty. The statement which is the subject of this essay indicates classes of subjects who need supervision most of the time since on their own, things can go in the wrong direction.
This portrays a situation where individuals possess fewer skills and hence they need supervision throughout their life in the organization because when they are left on their own they engage in unproductive activities such as ridiculing, vandalism, engaging in rumors, students feign stupidity and drag their feet. If such a crop of workers is not supervised, their work can be subversive to the organization. Such an environment that requires constant supervision needs an autocratic kind of leadership. In a participative or democratic management approach, the leaders make the last decisions, but they incorporate team members in the process of decision making.
They motivate members to be creative and members get involved in decisions and projects. The members become highly satisfied since they take part in the decision making process. The process of making decisions is slow since the members are involved in the process (Frey et al, 2009). The contingency approach in management is founded on the basis that there is no particular way of planning and managing organizations. Managers have to look for ways of directing and leading people in the organization.
The best structure for an organization is not obvious and takes a lot of experimentation to settle on the best structure that is functional for the organization (Zaccaro, 2007). The environment within which the organization operates determines the particular management approach that will be applied. In an autocratic management style, managers are the ones that make vital decisions and closely control and supervise workers. The workers can hardly do the right thing without the supervision of their managers. The managers cannot trust workers and have to give orders which have to be obeyed by the workers.
This kind of approach comes from the view portrayed by Taylor in the motivation of workers and is connected to McGregor's theory x concerning workers. This approach has its own setbacks as shown by other theorists like Herzberg and Mayo but is very effective in certain settings. The style is important when decisions have to be made quickly without involving everybody in the organization. The management approach is very important where a large number of workers who are low skilled are being controlled.
The workers are given very little chance to make their own decisions that will affect the company. It is believed that the subject does not possess the necessary foresight and insight to discern the best path to be followed. When workers are left behind they will tend to engage in activities that are not constructive to the organization (Foti & Hauenstein, 2007). Here is a situation where workers engage in ridicule and vandalism when the senior managers are not around. This means that instruction has to be given out throughout to avoid cases of these workers making a stupid mistake that affect the organization in the organization.
Close supervision and firm decision making can be achieved through the autocracy leadership style.
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