Discussion #1 – Essay Example

Historical and Philosophical Perspectives How Roles Have Changed Over Time Throughout history, schools, families, and the community have changed their roles in relation to each other. Families, for example, have changed how they execute their basic functions. A family’s role in reproduction, education, socialization, economic, and emotional support have undergone radical changes. The changes occur as the family attempts to adapt to macro-system influences resulting from economics, technology, and political ideologies (Scully et al. 2015). Before the 19th century, for example, families educated their children at home. The education comprised of training to work on farms, as well as, religious teachings. In mid-19th century, the education function shifted to schools because families could not mold children for an industrious role in the sophisticated U.S. economy. The children had to enroll for free public education in schools. By then schools could only teach basic writing, reading, and good habits. As of today, schools are mandated to teach topics such as substance abuse, sex education, and various aspects of technology and economy (Scully et al. 2015).
The community has also undergone a paradigm shift. Over the last one century, social, cultural, economic, and technological changes have revolutionized the American community. Globalization and the information revolution have destroyed the bonds that defined neighborhoods and villages. In the past, for example, the native blacks lived in a society that observed strong communal ethics. Of late, the blacks are associated with drugs and other crimes. That, however, does not mean the change is all negative. The transformation that the community is going through is changing life for the better (Scully et al. 2015).
Historical Event with the Greatest Impact
Most of the historical events have had impacts on children’s education. The events witnessed in the 19th century, however, had an immense impact on the children’s education sector. The establishment of the first mandatory school attendance law in Massachusetts had the greatest impact on children’s education. It set standards to regulate the attendance of school by children aged between eight and fourteen (Scully et al. 2015).
Scully, P. A., Barbour, C., & Roberts-King, H. (2015), Families, schools, and communities: Building partnerships for educating children. Boston: Pearson.