PHIL #5 – Essay Example
Aristotles Psychology: Hylomorphism
The term hylomorphism is connected with the Aristotle’s philosophy and his ideas due to the question of existence. This philosophical theory is based on the Aristotle’s study of the soul and includes the concepts from metaphysics and natural science (Caston, 2006). Philosophical approach under consideration develops in the Western tradition and has an influence on the understanding of existence (Caston, 2006).
Hylomorphism can be explained as a theory that understands being due to the two principal components. It is possible to name them as matter and form. For example, brick can be regarded as a matter for the houses and syllables as a matter for the words (Caston, 2006). Still, the most important idea that is claimed by Aristotle can be related to the living objects. The matter is that he “regards the body as the matter and the soul as the form of a living thing” (Caston, 2006). What is more, Aristotle represents these two issues as inseparable notion that cannot exist without each other (Caston, 2006). The concepts of body and soul are regarded as “substances” or “ousiai” that both construct a third. This third is considered to be all living objects in general and humans in particular.
It is important to mention that hylomorphism theory is closely connected with substance dualism philosophy. The matter is that at the center of substance dualism stays mind and body (Caston, 2006). Moreover, it is admitted that mental matter is not able to exist without the body, while body cannot cogitate and think. Also, the idea of independent existence of soul is under consideration of supporters of substance dualism theory. Therefore, it is possible to talk about parallel notions between hylomorphism and substance dualism. Still, hylomorphism concept represents the philosophical approach from the different angle.
Caston, V. (2006). Aristotle’s Psychology. In M. L. Gill and P. Pellegrin (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.