The paper 'Ethics Sustainability and Culture' is a perfect example of a Management Essay. In nature, a person’ s preference is completely selfish although it seems to be an oversimplification. The individual preferences of people are particularistic in nature since they tend to give more weight for their self-interests, members of the family, and close friends than to other people. This contrasts with our moral value judgment, or what we are expected to be, “ universalistic, in the sense of giving the same weight to everybody’ s interests” (Farina, Hahn & Vannucci 1992). Universalistic means that our moral preferences should guide our moral value judgment; our preferences should be that of having a look at social situations from an impartial and impersonal point of view. A moral point of view, according to Ferrell & Fraedrich (2005), holds impartiality, judging a situation from a perspective that is not biased.
Unlike judging a situation by a direct participant, who will definitely do so from his or her own side taking into consideration personal interests, a moral point of view is basically that of an outside observer whose personal interests are not affected.
Thus, a problem of complying with the requirements of such a universalistic morality arises since our individual preferences tend to be particularistic, unlike the moral values which are usually universalistic in nature. This is a major ethical problem that more often leads to ethical issues in the workplace, either between individual workers or among all workers within an organization. An ethical issue can be defined as a situation or a problem that requires one to make an appropriate decision based on what he or she evaluates as right (ethical) and what is wrong (unethical) between alternatives (Hartman 2005). The case of the Trouble at Mill (Smithers 1996), appears to raise some issues of ethical concern since there seems to be some kind of conflict in making an appropriate decision with regard to what is right or wrong.
Robert, the Human Resources Manager of the Mill, is in a very complex situation that involves some apparent mental conflict in moral imperatives. If he obeys the corporate senior management, that he should not inform anyone over the closure of the mill after a year, then he will not be able to let James (an applicant who had relevant skills and experience from the previous jobs he had) know the truth about the company’ s plans.
On the other hand, the applicant needs to be assured over the security of the job so that he can fully settle and work in maintaining the sophisticated inventory system of the organization. From his past experiences the applicant, James, does not want to lose his job once more so that he can be able to meet his own interests.
Such kind of situation requires the Human Resources manager, Robert, to either be honest or deceive him for the interests of the organization since it can not do without such a crucial position.
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