The paper "Ecotourism and Its Relationship to Sustainability" is a perfect example of a finance and accounting assignment. Ecotourism has been a central focus of many companies, especially in the hospitality and travel industry. However, it is facing two criticisms due to the two factors- unfulfilled criteria of ecotourism products and their adherence to a weak or minimalist model. First, there are many tourism products that do not usually fulfill the criteria of ecotourism products in the market (Fennell and Weaver, 2005). Thus, there is still a need to clarify the concept of ecotourism which can be grounded for many business organizations to forester and commit themselves to ecotourism and sustainability of the environment. Since the 1980s and beyond, there has been debate on one of the enduring legacies of sustainable development which has a greater quest for integration of the economy and the environment.
A by-product of the quest is a growing interest in great potentials in formulating environmental policy based on the market as a supplement. In some cases, the traditional approach of providing standard environmental standards can be placed as direct legal regulations (Eckersley, 1995a: 1). In the hospitality and travel industry, air travel is one of the fastest-growing sectors in tourism.
Some environmental impacts of this travel sector were (1) high levels of fuel consumption, (2) noise pollution, (3) air pollution, and (4) production of waste (Air Transport Action Group, 2002; Becken, 2002; Clancy, 2001; Middleton & Hawkins, 1999; Penner et al. , 1999). According to the Air Transport Action Group (2002), the record of frequent use of air travel by tourists to get to and from their destination has been ever increasing.
In addition, another indicator of the average length of journey on a plane has been increased to double over the two decades. Moreover, Clancy (2001) points out that half of the total travel expenses of a tourist are contributed by the cost of air. As a result, there has been increasing demands on the environment with respect to air travel. Buckley (2001: 379) argues that there is a broader impact of transportation on the environment and it is always been ‘ beyond the scope of sustainable tourism discussions.
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