The paper "Term Organic and Mechanistic in relation to Organizations" is an outstanding example of a management assignment. Management exists in almost every type of organization. This is because working with physical, human and financial resources to achieve set objectives will need some level of direction, control, leadership and supervision. All managers typically perform the same functions so as to ensure that business runs smoothly within an organization. Managers are usually faced with a lot of issues that they have to handle on a day to day basis (Gomez-Mejia, David & Robert 2008).
These range from representing the subordinates, managing and leading, ensuring cultural diversity, managing the impacts of change, embracing new technology, solving disputes, overseeing the use of time and resources and planning and executing the management functions such as planning, organizing, staffing, coordinating, controlling and directing among many other roles. In the course of doing all these, managers may use different management styles that are all aimed at achieving the goals of the organizations they head and for promoting the overall good of these organizations (Lerman & Schmidt 2006).
More and more managers are creating flexibility in the workplace because they have realized the advantages of doing this, especially in regard to the performance of the employees. In many organizations today, young, energetic and committed employees are becoming more and more flexible in the sense that they are very adaptable in their work. Most of them have mastered how to strike a balance between their own personal lives and their duties and responsibilities at work, and they are still very effective and efficient at both. This essay will discuss five questions from the given case study that is related to management within organizations.
This is with the aim of understanding several aspects of management such as the roles of managers, flexibility in the workplace, nature of work in organizations, types of commitments to organizations, roles of technology in organizations and the significance of human diversity and cultural issues within organizations. Question 1- Explain the term organic and mechanistic in relation to organizations The term organic organization was created by G. M. Stalker and Tom Burns in the late 1950s.
Just like in living things, the term organic suggests that organizations change their processes, roles, and structures so as adapt and respond to their environments. Organic organizations are those that are flexible and they value external knowledge. In an organic organization, people are usually multi-talented and have the ability to perform a variety of tasks. People are equally leveled and there are no redundant job classifications or descriptions. There are no rigid procedures and communication is very flexible in the sense that it can react very easily and quickly to environmental changes.
Organic organizations are very adaptive and flexible in nature. These organizations take into consideration the needs of the employees, therefore, leading to teamwork and group leadership. Organic organizations are characterized by joint specialization whereby employees work together and tasks are coordinated. They are also characterized by complex integrating mechanisms where task forces and teams are the main orders of operations. There is also a lot of decentralization where the authority to control tasks is delegated and communication is mostly lateral, in a horizontal manner. There is also a lot of verbal communication.
There is a lot of networking where people work in teams and they have different capacities to achieve different goals (Herold, Fedor, Caldwell & Liu 2008).
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