Evidence-Based Practice Evidence-Based Practice Research in nursing is a systematic study that encompasses testing, evaluation of programs and development of methods designed to test a generalized hypothesis. Human subject is a living individual from whom an investigator obtains information by with interacting with the person. An investigator decides if the study is to involve participation of human. Involvement of human subjects in a scientific study requires the researcher to familiarize and adhere to regulations that govern participants’ rights and safety (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2011). Protecting Vulnerable PopulationsCertain groups of human subjects including prisoners, children, students, and individuals whose capacity to consent is questionable are relatively incapable of protecting their interests as research participants (Berg & Latin, 2008, p.
18). Legally, children are not at the right age to consent to research or treatment and, therefore, only parents and the legal guardians have the right to provide consent for children to take part in a research investigation. Methods for protecting vulnerable groups include informed consent and intuitional issues. Informed consent as an ethical, legal and regulatory concept forms an integral part of research that involves human research participants.
A written consent document is a vital component of a proposal submitted to an Instructional Review Board (IRB). IRB has the mandate to review and validates all the research study involving human subjects. The document informs the prospective participant on the need to participate in the study and to make an informed decision. Institutional issue is another method used in the protection of personal rights of vulnerable individuals in a research study. Institutional contexts demand that voluntaries in a research study receive special care. Protection is mostly relevant in prisons and care homes. ReferencesBerg, K.
E., & Latin, R. W. (2008). Essentials of Research Methods in Health, Physical Education, Exercise Science, and Recreation. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011). Evidence-based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare: A Guide to Best Practice. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.