Essays on Experiential Analysis on Factors Affecting Interpersonal Communication Literature review

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The paper “ Experiential Analysis on Factors Affecting Interpersonal Communication” is a great example of the literature review on communication. Interpersonal communication can be referred to as the process through which two or more people send and perceive messages amongst each other either verbally or non-verbally. It is through effective interpersonal communication that two or more people can co-exist in the same working environment or the society at large. Research points out that interpersonal communication is affected by various factors. Therefore, this paper aims at discussing four factors that affect interpersonal communication which is; culture, age, gender, and individual factors.

Most of the information for this paper will come from observation of a social group within the campus I belong to, which volunteers in social works, such as environmental cleaning and enhancing awareness on HIV/Aids among many other tasks. To explain the observations that will be made, previous literature on the same topic will be reviewed. Some of the organizational policies and practices that will be found to affect interpersonal communication among the group members will also be discussed. Finally, the paper will present some suggestions on how an organization, a group, or an individual including I, can contribute towards effective interpersonal communication. Factors that affect Interpersonal CommunicationCultureAccording to Orbe and Spellers (2005, p.

173), culture can be defined as a specialized lifestyle of a group of people, which constitutes its values, beliefs, practices, and behavior; it is nurtured with time and passed on to the coming generations. It is argued that culture and communication are inseparable. For any culture to be transferred from generation to generation there should be a form of communication.

On the other hand, the main feature that characterizes culture is communication. Different cultures have different forms of communications, language, and signs among others. As Orbe and Spellers (2005, p. 178) explain, culture provide its people with ways of seeing, hearing and thinking which all determine how a person interprets both verbal and non-formal communication. This means that same words or signs can mean very different things to two people who do not share the same culture.

Reference

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Adler, R, Rosenfeld, B & Proctor, I 2007, Interplay: the process of interpersonal communication, Oxford University Press, New York

Berger, C1979, Beyond initial interactions: uncertainty, understanding, and the development of interpersonal relationships. In H. Giles & R. St. Clair (Eds.), Language and social psychology (pp.122-144), Blackwell, England

Carli, L 2010, Assertiveness in J Worell, (ed), Encyclopedia of women and gender: sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender, Academic Press, SAN Diego

DeVito, J 2001, The interpersonal communication book (9th ed.), Addison Wesley Longman, New York

Heilman, M 2001, Description and prescription: how gender stereotypes prevent women’s ascent up the organizational ladder, Journal of Social Issues, vol. 57, pp. 657-674.

Miller, K 2002, Communication theories: perspectives, processes, and contexts, McGraw-Hill, New York

Orbe, P & Bruess, J 2005, Contemporary issues in interpersonal communication, Roxbury Publishing Company, Los Angeles

Orbe, M & Spellers, R 2005, From the margins to the center: utilizing co-cultural theory in diverse contexts. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing about intercultural communication (pp.173-192). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA

Rothwell, D 2004, In the company of others: an introduction to communication, McGraw-Hill, New York

Trenholm, S & Jensen, A 2004, Interpersonal communication, Oxford University Press, New York

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