Essays on Exploitation of Workers in Egypt Essay

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The paper 'Exploitation of Workers in Egypt' is a great example of a Management Essay. Employees are prone to exploitation from their employers and the grieving thought of being fired and unemployed has led to the workers’ toleration of the harsh treatment. Egyptians’ employees are not an exception to this fate. There are various forms of exploitation which include: giving insufficient credit to the employees, employers keeping all the profits to themselves, delay of salaries and wages, unfair treatment, overloading with labor, working overtime with no payment, child labor (Maye 2004).

However, the employees will only save themselves through understanding this exploitation, and therefore, raise their voice, talk to attorney or Human Resource or even quit the job if necessary. Egypt has played a great role in the history of employees (Joel 2001). Actually, the first documented strike in the world took place in Egypt, a three-day pay grievance by builders specifically those who were involved in the building of pyramids (Joel & Zachary 1987). The situation for employees in Egypt at present sadly bears many similarities to the past conflict between the government and Egyptian employees.

Changes have not been greatly significant at present; though earlier on the government had an iron grip on leadership and power, callously punished dissent, and played a major role in a scheme that kept workers poor and powerless (March 1997). Public-sector employees have been spearheading the protests and strikes since 1971, though the private-sector comprises 40 percent of the total participation in recent years. Privatization taking place in Egypt has also led to strikes as most employees fear the loss of jobs and the unwillingness of the private investors to pay better benefits, for example, dividends on shares, contribution to retirement kitty, or funds (Ragui 2006).

However, there is hope for the Egyptian employees as new government and workers' movements are taking root. For instance, municipal real estate tax collector did stage a countrywide strike which lasted for 12 days; more than 10,000 people staged a demonstration outside the Prime Minister office. The success of this strike motivated Egypt’ s education administrator and postal workers’ to mobilize as well. Successful employees’ movements and trade unions have been great inspirations for the Egyptians.

The Egyptians’ employees have continued to raise their voices in the street for government rule of law, transparency, and democratic reforms (Joel & Zachary 1987). However, recent development has seen the country’ s move to a new era of government changes and therefore, the workers’ rights and growth of unions are most likely to be seen. The voices of these employees will then be heard leading to better wages and payment, improvement of working conditions. The examination of the labor issues and the protests staged by the employees would open new windows in Egypt.

It is obvious that the government needs to protect the employees to safeguard the economic reforms and growth. Otherwise, it may lead to poor quality of products, for example. A textile company is said to have undergone financial loss recently when it exported poor quality yarn to Spain which was then returned. The blame was entirely on the management as it could heed to the grievances of the employees resulting in poor work and finally pitiable products (Joel 2001).


Joel, B and Zachary, L. 1987, Workers on the Nile: Nationalism, Communism, Islam, and the

Egyptian Working Class, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ragui, A, 2006, “Labor Supply, Employment, and Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy

1988-2006,” Cairo: American University in Cairo Press

Joel, B, 2001, Workers and Peasants in the Modern Middle East, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Marsha, P, 1997, Labor and the State in Egypt: Workers, Unions, and Economic Restructuring, 1952-1996, New York: Columbia University Press.

Center for Trade Union and Worker Services, 2008, “Declaration of Principles: The Legislative

Framework of Trade Union and Labor Action: Criteria for Suggested Amendment,”

Eberhard, K, 2001, A Grand Delusion: Democracy and Economic Reform in Egypt, London: Columbia University Press

American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt, Egypt Watch Bulletin, September 15, 2005 available


Maye, K, 2004, Egyptian Politics: The Dynamics of Authoritarian Rule, Boulder, CO: Lynne

Rienner press

Freedom House, “Freedom of Association under Threat—Egypt,” November 21 2008, UNHCR

Refworld, available at

Human Rights Watch, “Egypt: Police Assault Demonstrators, Journalists,” May 11, 2006

U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2007, Country

Reports on Human Rights Practices: Egypt, available at

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