The paper “ Female Employees - Family Factors and Work-Life Balance, Cultural Factors, and Gender Stereotypes” is a comprehensive variant of the literature review on human resources. Human resource development and human resource planning are key HRM functions. HR planning ensures attraction and retention of the right number and the right kind of employees, at the right place and time, HRD focuses on the training and development of employees. The increasing thought of HRD puts people at the center of progression because advancement is not only by persons but also for people.
Contemporary HRD practices promote individual growth besides conquering organizational and national progress. As a result, organizations should implement equal development opportunities. Equity within an organization promotes the success of an organization. Although the status and presence of female employees in paid employment has improved, the advancement of women has been slow. Despite the recognition of the equal opportunity for all, female employees encounter constraints while seeking equal development opportunities in their workplace. These limitations include cultural factors and gender stereotypes, organizational factors such as work environment and masculine leadership constructs, family factors and work-life-balance issues, and glass ceiling effects. Family Factors and Work-life Balance IssuesIn the past fifty years, the role of women has greatly changed in both developing and developed economies.
Women in the contemporary world are working outside and at the same time assuming principal responsibilities at home and childcare. According to Roy (2016), women have to balance amid multiple roles in their lives in order to attain a meaningful life. However, it becomes a greater challenge in nations where women are viewed as caregivers, mothers, and are expected to take care of the household activities.
Socio-culturally, women are viewed as the inferior gender. Although the accessibility of education has increased the number of women in the employment sector, women are required to take care of their families while at the same time taking their roles and responsibilities in their workplace. As a result, work-life balance issues are a major limitation to the attainment of equal development opportunities for female employees in an organization.
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