Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, HIV infection, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, kill millions of people every year. In fact, these diseases account for 40% of deaths in developed countries, and increasingly becoming an important factor in mortality in developing countries (Free, et al. , 2013). There are various management interventions that can help people with these diseases live better and longer lives. Healthcare providers have a responsibility to help healthcare consumers manage certain aspects of their conditions. Studies have shown that the involvement of consumers in self-management of their health conditions such as adjusting medication dosage due to demand and monitoring disease progress can improve health outcomes (Free, et al. , 2013).
Therefore, healthcare providers have an important role to play in encouraging consumers to self-manage their chronic conditions. However, the number of primary health caregivers in most countries is stretched, and thus, they cannot adequately provide information, support, and encouragement directly through face-face consultations. In the last few decades, the development of mobile technologies in the management of chronic diseases has been on the rise. Mobile health interventions for people with chronic diseases are technologies designed to improve disease management through processes such as improving the management of diabetes.
Computer-based technologies can come in the form of personal digital assistants, mobile phones, enterprise digital assistants, handheld video-game consoles, portable media players, handheld ultra-portable computers, and most recently, smartphones (Free, et al. , 2013). These devices can support a range of functions, including but not limited to, mobile cellular communication, software application support, and multi-media playback. The popularity of mobile technologies means that these devices can be used to deliver healthcare interventions remotely to a larger number of people than would be possible with face-to-face interactions.
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